Small shifts in an employee's wellbeing can make a big impact on performance. What may appear to be a minor decrease on a wellbeing index -- 5 points on 100-point scale -- can have an outsized effect on people's health and work productivity. Indeed, Gallup's analysis shows that poor wellbeing accounts for 600 unhealthy days per 1,000 employees per month.
When managers work on their own wellbeing, there is a better chance their employees will follow suit.
"Small decreases in wellbeing may not seem like much," says Jim Harter, Ph.D., Gallup's chief scientist for employee engagement and wellbeing. "But poor wellbeing is strongly related to absenteeism and 'presenteeism,' or when people show up to work but aren't active, effective, and productive."
For example, if one employee rates her wellbeing as 75 on the wellbeing scale and another worker rates his as 70, the worker with lower wellbeing will have:
18.6% higher risk of sleep disorders
15% higher risk of anxiety or depression
14.6% higher risk of diabetes
5.9% higher risk of hypertension
6.3% higher risk of obesity
0.6 unhealthy days in the past 30 days
Fortunately, the converse is also true. Gallup's analysis finds that a five-point uptick in wellbeing predicts improvement in employee engagement, and engagement has a similarly beneficial impact on wellbeing and productivity.
Managers should lead by example and connect employees to wellbeing programs that meet their needs
Wellbeing programs will resonate better with employees if managers enroll in them, Harter believes, because there is a cascade effect from manager wellbeing to employee wellbeing. When managers work on their own wellbeing, there is a better chance their employees will follow suit. And managers can raise awareness about the importance of wellbeing and help employees understand the organization's wellbeing offerings by sharing their own experience with these programs.
It's likely that managers will find they have an easier time getting engaged employees involved in wellbeing initiatives. "Improving wellbeing with company-sponsored programs is an uphill battle if people are disengaged," Harter says. "People are more likely to trust the intentions of company programs if they are engaged. And engaged employees are 21% more likely to be involved in wellbeing programs because they're more attuned to what their company offers."
The best way for managers to get employees involved in wellbeing initiatives is to lead by example and connect employees to wellbeing programs that meet their needs. "If you know your employees' goals, you can set a framework that helps them understand your company's wellbeing programs and how they're personally relevant," Harter says. "It doesn't take much of an effort, but it can make a big difference to employees -- and to their performance."
The Five Essential Elements of Wellbeing
For more than 50 years, Gallup scientists have been exploring the demands of a life well-lived. More recently, in partnership with leading economists, psychologists, and other acclaimed scientists, Gallup has uncovered the common elements of wellbeing that transcend countries and cultures. This research revealed the universal elements of wellbeing that differentiate a thriving life from one spent suffering. They represent five broad categories that are essential to most people: