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Americans Remain Relatively Optimistic About Job Market

Americans Remain Relatively Optimistic About Job Market
by Justin McCarthy

Story Highlights

  • Forty-three percent say it's a "good time" to find a job
  • Half of employed Americans say it's a good time
  • Full-time employees, students most upbeat about job market

WASHINGTON, D.C. -- Forty-three percent of Americans say it is a good time to find a quality job. While this reading is similar to the 40% to 45% recorded in 2016 so far, it is on the high end of Gallup's trend since 2001. The percentage saying it is a good time to find a quality job has ranged from a low of 8% in 2009 and 2011 to a high of 48% in January 2007.

JuneQualityJob1

Americans' perceptions of the U.S. job market bottomed out after the Great Recession but steadily rebounded from 2012 to 2014, reaching a recent high of 45% in January 2015. Since then, the percentage saying now is a good time to find a quality job has hovered around 40%, similar to levels seen in 2006 and 2007.

The latest Bureau of Labor Statistics employment report released on June 3 raised concerns about the health of the job market. That report came out while the latest update on Gallup's quality job question was in the field from June 1-5. An analysis of responses by day of interview shows that Americans were just as positive about the job market after the report's release as they were before it.

Employed Adults More Optimistic Than Nonworking Adults About Job Market

Views of the job market vary significantly by employment status. While half of employed Americans (51%) say it is a "good time" to find a quality job, only a third of adults who are not currently working (33%) say it is a ripe time for job seekers.

In 2013, employed and unemployed adults' views of the job market were similar. Both working and nonworking adults have grown more optimistic about the job market, but confidence has picked up much more among the employed.

Percentage in U.S. Saying Now Is a Good Time to Find a Quality Job, by Employment Status

Employed Americans' more positive evaluation of the job market is consistent with employed Americans' solid gains in perceptions of hiring in their workplaces over the past seven years.

Full-Time Workers, Students Most Positive About Job Market

Confidence in the job market also varies by subgroup within the category of those who are employed. Full-time employed Americans are much more likely than part-time employees to say it is a good time to find a quality job, 50% vs. 39%, respectively. These data are based on combined responses from 2015 and 2016 so far.

Students (51%), who may expect to land a job upon completion of their education, seem to share the same optimism for the job market as those who already have a full-time job. Meanwhile, 36% of unemployed job seekers say it is a good time to find a job.

Optimism is lower among other nonworking adults, including the retired (31%), disabled (29%) and the unemployed who are not actively looking for a job (28%).

Percentage in U.S. Saying Now Is a Good Time to Find a Quality Job, by Employment Situation
Yes
%
Employed full time 50
Employed part time 39
Student 51
Unemployed but looking for work 36
Homemaker 35
Retired 31
Disabled 29
Unemployed and not looking for work 28
Gallup, 2015-2016

Bottom Line

The dismal BLS employment report for May seems to have done little to shake Americans' views about the job market, with the percentage of Americans saying it is a good time to find a quality job being on the higher end of Gallup's trend since 2001.

Americans' improving outlook for the job market since 2013 has primarily been influenced by employed adults, with those having a full-time job, along with students, the most optimistic about the job market. Americans who have not found full-time employment -- including those who are working part time and those who are unemployed and looking for work -- are somewhat less positive about the market. To some degree, then, Americans' own employment status shapes their perceptions of the U.S. job market.

Historical data are available in Gallup Analytics.

Survey Methods

Results for this Gallup poll are based on telephone interviews conducted June 1-5, 2016, on the Gallup U.S. Daily survey, with a random sample of 1,027 adults, aged 18 and older, living in all 50 U.S. states and the District of Columbia. For results based on the total sample of national adults, the margin of sampling error is ±4 percentage points at the 95% confidence level. All reported margins of sampling error include computed design effects for weighting.

Each sample of national adults includes a minimum quota of 60% cellphone respondents and 40% landline respondents, with additional minimum quotas by time zone within region. Landline and cellular telephone numbers are selected using random-digit-dial methods.

View complete question responses and trends.

Learn more about how the Gallup Poll Social Series works.

Gallup


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