Americans' Opinions of France Drop to New Low

by Frank Newport

Germany and North Korea also rated more unfavorably this year

GALLUP NEWS SERVICE

PRINCETON, NJ -- Americans have a sharply more unfavorable image of France than they have had at any point over the past decade. Favorable opinions of the country have dropped 20 points in the last year, while unfavorable opinions have risen by 17 points. Americans' attitudes toward Germany, which, like France, has balked at approving the U.S. position on the necessity of military action against Iraq, have also become substantially more negative since last year. The image of North Korea in the minds of Americans, already quite negative, has become even more so this year compared to last.

These conclusions are based on trends in country ratings included in the annual Gallup Poll Social Series Update on World Affairs, conducted Feb. 3-6. The survey included a question asking Americans to give their opinions of a list of 26 countries. The American public's attitudes toward most of these countries can be compared to surveys conducted in February of the last 2 years, and in many instances to surveys stretching back a decade or more.

Although survey respondents were asked to rate each country using a 4-point scale (very favorable, mostly favorable, mostly unfavorable, or very unfavorable), the analysis here is based mainly on a "net favorable" rating that subtracts the percentage of Americans rating a country unfavorably from the percentage rating it favorably.

These net favorable ratings range this year from a +83% for Great Britain to a –85% for Iraq.

The general structure of American public opinion about the 26 countries is roughly similar to where it has been in previous years. English-speaking allies like Great Britain and Canada rate at the top of the list, while the three countries President George W. Bush identified as comprising the "axis of evil" (Iraq, North Korea, and Iran) rate at the bottom of the list.

As noted, France, Germany, and North Korea suffered the biggest drops in the American public's esteem this year. There were no major increases in favorable ratings this year compared to last year for any of the countries tested, although Israel, Egypt, Iran, and Libya are all rated somewhat more favorably this year (the last two, of course, remain near the bottom of the list despite their relative increase in favorable ratings over last year).

We have included in the table below the favorable and unfavorable ratings for each country, the net favorable rating, and the change in the net rating for each country compared to last year. (Several countries were not rated last year, as noted.) Here is the list:

 

Americans' Ratings of 26 Foreign Countries
Feb. 3-6, 2003

(sorted by "Net Rating")

Favorable

Unfavorable

Net Rating
(Favorable – Unfavorable)

Change in Net Rating From Last Year^

%

%

%

%

Great Britain

89

6

83

0

Canada

89

7

82

-5

Italy

80

9

71

5

Spain

75

9

66

**

Japan

77

15

62

-1

Mexico

74

20

54

4

Germany

71

21

50

-22

Turkey

63

20

43

**

Russia

63

26

37

-2

Israel

64

29

35

12

Egypt

56

25

31

11

South Korea

58

31

27

6

France

59

33

26

-37

Kuwait

47

42

5

**

Vietnam

43

39

4

0

China

45

46

-1

4

Saudi Arabia

30

61

-31

6

Colombia

26

57

-31

1

Cuba

28

63

-35

-5

Pakistan

26

62

-36

-3

Afghanistan

25

66

-41

1

Libya

18

63

-45

8

The Palestinian Authority

13

73

-60

2

Iran

13

77

-64

9

North Korea

12

80

-68

-26

Iraq

5

90

-85

-3

^ Complete trend data displayed at the bottom of this article ** Country not rated last year



The major findings from a review of this year's results include the following:

  • Fifteen of the 26 countries receive net positive ratings; i.e., the percentage of Americans giving them a favorable rating exceeds the percentage giving them an unfavorable rating.
  • Americans are clearly most positive about two English-speaking countries: Great Britain and Canada, both of which receive net favorable ratings in the 80% range. (Australia, not included on the list this year, had a similarly high score in a 2001 survey.)
  • Americans also give net favorable ratings of 50% or higher to five other countries: Italy, Spain, Japan, Mexico, and Germany.
  • Germany is rated lower this year than it was last year. The drop is not as dramatic for Germany as it is for France. Americans' favorable attitudes toward Germany had averaged in the 70% range since 1991, although they dropped to 63% in June 1993 and reached a high point of 83% last February. This year, 71% of Americans have a favorable attitude toward Germany, while 21% have an unfavorable attitude.
  • Turkey, Russia, Israel, Egypt, South Korea, and France comprise the next group of countries in the list. All of these receive significantly more favorable than unfavorable ratings from Americans, although not as favorable as the countries discussed above.
  • As noted, there have been changes in the positioning of several of these countries in the minds of Americans since last year. Israel and Egypt get slightly more favorable ratings now than they did in 2002. Israel's net favorable rating has gone from 23% last year to 35% this year, while Egypt's net rating has increased from 20% to 31%.
  • The image of France has undergone the most significant change of any of the countries tested. Americans have been asked about France using this format in six previous Gallup Polls, stretching back to 1991. Between 70% and 79% of Americans have reported favorable attitudes toward France in each of these prior surveys. Between 12% and 20% have reported unfavorable attitudes.

This year, only 59% of Americans say they have a favorable attitude toward France, while 33% report a negative view. That's a substantial decline from last year, when 79% had a favorable view and 16% had an unfavorable view. The net favorable rating for France has thus dropped from 63% last year to its current reading of 26%.

  • Kuwait, Vietnam, and China all have net ratings of about 0%; i.e., just about as many Americans rate them unfavorably as rate them favorably.
  • A series of six countries have net ratings that are in the minus 30% to minus 50% range. These include Saudi Arabia, Colombia, Cuba, Pakistan, Afghanistan, and Libya.
  • Libya's and Saudi Arabia's images are slightly more positive this year than they were last year.
  • Three countries have much more substantially unfavorable images among Americans: the Palestinian Authority, Iran, and North Korea.
  • While attitudes toward North Korea have been strongly unfavorable in the three previous surveys that included North Korea, they have become much more so this year, with a reading of 12% favorable and 80% unfavorable. The net favorable rating of North Korea has moved from –42% last year to –68% this year.
  • Finally, and not surprisingly, Iraq is the lowest rated of any of the 26 countries tested, with unfavorable ratings from 90% of Americans and favorable ratings from only 5%. This is not new. Iraq's image has been similarly negative in each of the 10 prior Gallup Polls in which it has been tested, going back to 1991.

Survey Methods

These results are based on telephone interviews with a randomly selected national sample of 1,001 adults, 18 years and older, conducted Feb. 3-6, 2003. For results based on this sample, one can say with 95 percent confidence that the maximum error attributable to sampling and other random effects is ±3 percentage points. In addition to sampling error, question wording and practical difficulties in conducting surveys can introduce error or bias into the findings of public opinion polls.

Next, I'd like your overall opinion of some foreign countries. First, is your overall opinion of [RANDOM ORDER] very favorable, mostly favorable, mostly unfavorable, or very unfavorable? How about -- [INSERT NEXT ITEM]?

2003 Feb 3-6
(sorted by
"very
favorable")
Very
favor-
able
Mostly
favor-
able
Mostly
un-
favor-
able
Very
un-
favor-
able
No
opin-
ion
Total
favor-
able
Total
un-
favor-
able
  % % % % % % %
Great Britain 45 44 4 2 5 89 6
Canada 43 46 6 1 4 89 7
Israel 22 42 23 6 7 64 29
Italy 18 62 6 3 11 80 9
Japan 18 59 10 5 8 77 15
Spain 14 61 7 2 16 75 9
Mexico 13 61 16 4 6 74 20
France 13 46 23 10 8 59 33
Germany 12 59 16 5 8 71 21
South Korea 10 48 23 8 11 58 31
Turkey 8 55 15 5 17 63 20
Russia 6 57 20 6 11 63 26
Egypt 6 50 20 5 19 56 25
Kuwait 6 41 30 12 11 47 42
China 6 39 34 12 9 45 46
Vietnam 5 38 28 11 18 43 39
Cuba 4 24 42 21 9 28 63
Saudi Arabia 3 27 41 20 9 30 61
Colombia 2 24 42 15 17 26 57
Pakistan 2 24 42 20 12 26 62
Afghanistan 2 23 40 26 9 25 66
Iran 2 11 48 29 10 13 77
Libya 1 17 39 24 19 18 63
The Palestinian Authority 1 12 44 29 14 13 73
North Korea 1 11 38 42 8 12 80
Iraq 1 4 33 57 5 5 90

Favorability of Nations Trend

A. Afghanistan

  Very
favor-
able
Mostly
favor-
able
Mostly
un-
favor-
able
Very
un-
favor-
able
No
opin-
ion
Total
favor-
able
Total
un-
favor-
able
  % % % % % % %
2003 Feb 3-6 2 23 40 26 9 25 66
               
2002 Feb 4-6 4 22 34 34 6 26 68
               

B. Canada

  Very
favor-
able
Mostly
favor-
able
Mostly
un-
favor-
able
Very
un-
favor-
able
No
opin-
ion
Total
favor-
able
Total
un-
favor-
able
  % % % % % % %
2003 Feb 3-6 43 46 6 1 4 89 7
   
2002 Feb 4-6 49 43 4 1 3 92 5
2001 Feb 1-4 ^ 51 39 4 3 3 90 7
1999 Feb 8-9 43 47 2 1 7 90 3
1996 Mar 8-10 47 42 5 * 6 89 5
1992 Feb 6-9 40 51 4 1 4 91 5
1991 Mar 14-17 48 43 2 1 6 91 3
1989 Aug 10-13 49 44 1 1 5 93 2
1989 Feb 28-Mar 2 45 47 2 1 2 92 3
1987 Nov 6-Dec 4 51 42 2 1 4 93 3

C. China

  Very
favor-
able
Mostly
favor-
able
Mostly
un-
favor-
able
Very
un-
favor-
able
No
opin-
ion
Total
favor-
able
Total
unfavor-
able
  % % % % % % %
2003 Feb 3-6 6 39 34 12 9 45 46
               
2002 Feb 4-6 6 38 37 12 7 44 49
2001 Feb 1-4 ^ 5 40 31 17 7 45 48
2000 Nov 13-15 5 31 39 18 7 36 57
2000 Mar 17-19 6 29 40 16 9 35 56
2000 Jan 25-26 4 29 33 18 16 33 51
1999 May 7-9 5 33 38 18 6 38 56
1999 Mar 12-14 ^ 2 32 39 20 7 34 59
1999 Feb 8-9 8 31 34 16 11 39 50
1998 Jul 7-8 6 38 36 11 9 44 47
1998 Jun 22-23 5 34 42 9 10 39 51
1997 Jun 26-29 5 28 36 14 17 33 50
1996 Mar 8-10 6 33 35 16 10 39 51
1994 Feb 26-28 4 36 38 15 7 40 53
1991 Mar 14-17 5 30 35 18 12 35 53
1989 Aug 10-13 5 29 32 22 12 34 54
1989 Feb 28-Mar 2 12 60 10 3 15 72 13
1985 Feb 22-Mar 3 5 33 35 16 11 38 51
1979 Sep 18 46 18 7 10 64 25

D. Colombia

  Very
favor-
able
Mostly
favor-
able
Mostly
un-
favor-
able
Very
un-
favor-
able
No
opin-
ion
Total
favor-
able
Total
unfavor-
able
  % % % % % % %
2003 Feb 3-6 2 24 42 15 17 26 57
               
2002 Feb 4-6 5 23 44 16 12 28 60
2001 Feb 1-4 ^ 7 23 38 21 11 30 59

E. Cuba

  Very
favor-
able
Mostly
favor-
able
Mostly
un-
favor-
able
Very
un-
favor-
able
No
opin-
ion
Total
favor-
able
Total
unfavor-
able
  % % % % % % %
2003 Feb 3-6 4 24 42 21 9 28 63
               
2002 Feb 4-6 4 27 41 20 8 31 61
2001 Feb 1-4 ^ 4 23 41 27 5 27 68
1999 May 7-9 4 20 45 24 7 24 69
1999 Mar 19-21 4 28 48 13 7 32 61
1996 Mar 8-10 ^ 2 8 40 41 9 10 81

F. Egypt

  Very
favor-
able
Mostly
favor-
able
Mostly
un-
favor-
able
Very
un-
favor-
able
No
opin-
ion
Total
favor-
able
Total
unfavor-
able
  % % % % % % %
2003 Feb 3-6 6 50 20 5 19 56 25
               
2002 Feb 4-6 7 47 29 5 12 54 34
2001 Feb 1-4 ^ 11 54 19 4 12 65 23
1996 Mar 8-10 10 48 19 5 17 58 24
1991 Aug 8-11 9 54 15 5 17 63 20
1991 Mar 14-17 11 55 14 3 17 66 17
1991 Jan 30-Feb 2 10 56 12 3 19 66 15


G. France

Very
favor-
able
Mostly
favor-
able
Mostly
un-
favor-
able
Very
un-
favor-
able
No
opin-
ion
Total
favor-
able
Total
unfavor-
able
% % % % % % %
2003 Feb 3-6 13 46 23 10 8 59 33
2002 Feb 4-6 23 56 13 3 5 79 16
2001 Feb 1-4 ^ 22 55 12 5 6 77 17
1999 Feb 8-9 17 54 14 4 11 71 18
1996 Mar 8-10 15 55 16 4 11 70 20
1991 Mar 14-17 18 61 9 3 9 79 12
1991 Jan 30-Feb 2 17 57 11 4 11 74 15

Next, I'd like your overall opinion of some foreign countries. First, is your overall opinion of [RANDOM ORDER] very favorable, mostly favorable, mostly unfavorable, or very unfavorable? How about -- [INSERT NEXT ITEM]?

Favorability of Nations Trend

H. Germany

  Very
favor-
able
Mostly
favor-
able
Mostly
un-
favor-
able
Very
un-
favor-
able
No
opin-
ion
Total
favor-
able
Total
unfavor-
able
  % % % % % % %
2003 Feb 3-6 12 59 16 5 8 71 21
               
2002 Feb 4-6 22 61 8 3 6 83 11
2001 Feb 1-4 ^ 20 55 9 7 9 75 16
2000 Nov 13-15 16 61 11 5 7 77 16
1999 Nov 4-7 11 66 13 5 5 77 18
1999 Feb 8-9 18 61 7 4 10 79 11
1996 Mar 8-10 17 58 13 3 9 75 16
1993 Jun 29-30 10 53 19 9 9 63 28
1992 Feb 6-9 17 57 14 6 6 74 20
1991 Mar 14-17 16 62 11 3 8 78 14

I. Great Britain

  Very
favor-
able
Mostly
favor-
able
Mostly
un-
favor-
able
Very
un-
favor-
able
No
opin-
ion
Total
favor-
able
Total
unfavor-
able
  % % % % % % %
2003 Feb 3-6 45 44 4 2 5 89 6
               
2002 Feb 4-6 48 42 5 2 3 90 7
2001 Feb 1-4 ^ 41 44 6 3 6 85 9
2000 Nov 13-15 27 55 7 3 8 82 10
1999 May 7-9 37 52 5 3 3 89 8
1999 Feb 8-9 34 50 4 3 9 84 7
1996 Mar 8-10 30 51 8 2 9 81 10
1991 Mar 14-17 49 40 4 1 6 89 5
1991 Jan 30-Feb 2 45 45 3 1 6 90 4
1989 Feb 28-Mar 2 29 57 4 3 7 86 7

J. Iran

  Very
favor-
able
Mostly
favor-
able
Mostly
un-
favor-
able
Very
un-
favor-
able
No
opin-
ion
Total
favor-
able
Total
unfavor-
able
  % % % % % % %
2003 Feb 3-6 2 11 48 29 10 13 77
               
2002 Feb 4-6 2 9 46 38 5 11 84
2001 Feb 1-4 ^ 2 10 45 38 5 12 83
1996 Mar 8-10 1 5 38 46 10 6 84
1991 Aug 8-11 1 12 44 35 9 13 79
1991 Mar 14-17 3 11 41 35 10 14 76
1991 Jan 30-Feb 2 2 11 39 40 8 13 79
1989 Aug 10-13 1 4 27 62 6 5 89
1989 Feb 28-Mar 2 1 4 27 62 6 5 89

K. Iraq

  Very
favor-
able
Mostly
favor-
able
Mostly
un-
favor-
able
Very
un-
favor-
able
No
opin-
ion
Total
favor-
able
Total
unfavor-
able
               
2003 Feb 3-6 1 4 33 57 5 5 90
               
2002 Feb 4-6 2 4 39 49 6 6 88
2001 Feb 1-4 ^ 2 7 34 51 6 9 85
2000 Nov 13-15 2 4 35 53 6 6 88
1999 May 7-9 1 4 38 53 4 5 91
1999 Feb 8-9 2 5 27 60 6 7 87
1996 Mar 8-10 1 5 34 52 8 6 86
1992 Feb 6-9 1 3 30 62 4 4 92
1991 Aug 8-11 1 6 32 54 7 7 86
1991 Mar 14-17 2 5 26 62 5 7 88
1991 Jan 30-Feb 2 * 3 17 73 7 3 90

L. Israel

  Very
favor-
able
Mostly
favor-
able
Mostly
un-
favor-
able
Very
un-
favor-
able
No
opin-
ion
Total
favor-
able
Total
unfavor-
able
  % % % % % % %
2003 Feb 3-6 22 42 23 6 7 64 29
               
2002 Feb 4-6 16 42 25 10 7 58 35
2001 Feb 1-4 ^ 18 45 20 12 5 63 32
2000 Mar 17-19 16 46 20 8 10 62 28
2000 Jan 25-26 11 43 21 7 18 54 28
1999 May 7-9 15 53 19 6 7 68 25
1999 Feb 8-9 18 48 16 7 11 66 23
1996 Mar 8-10 17 45 18 11 9 62 29
1992 Feb 6-9 12 36 27 16 9 48 43
1991 Nov 21-14 11 36 26 11 16 47 37
1991 Sep 26-29 11 45 25 9 10 56 34
1991 Aug 8-11 15 47 19 6 12 62 25
1991 Mar 14-17 20 49 16 7 8 69 23
1991 Jan 30-Feb 2 28 51 10 3 8 79 13
1989 Aug 10-13 11 34 29 16 10 45 45
1989 Feb 28-Mar 2 8 41 25 13 13 49 38

M. Japan

  Very
favor-
able
Mostly
favor-
able
Mostly
un-
favor-
able
Very
un-
favor-
able
No
opin-
ion
Total
favor-
able
Total
unfavor-
able
  % % % % % % %
2003 Feb 3-6 18 59 10 5 8 77 15
               
2002 Feb 4-6 17 62 12 4 5 79 16
2001 Feb 1-4 ^ 17 56 14 7 6 73 21
2000 Nov 13-15 13 57 17 5 8 70 22
1999 May 7-9 14 61 15 5 5 75 20
1999 Feb 8-9 15 54 16 5 10 69 21
1996 Mar 8-10 12 53 18 7 10 65 25
1995 Nov 6-8 4 42 34 11 9 46 45
1994 Jun 11-12 6 40 32 12 10 46 44
1994 Feb 26-28 7 47 28 14 4 54 42
1993 Jun 29-30 7 41 30 16 6 48 46
1992 Feb 6-9 9 38 28 22 3 47 50
1991 Nov 21-24 7 41 29 12 11 48 41
1991 Mar 14-17 10 55 19 7 9 65 26
1991 Jan 30-Feb 2 11 51 21 9 8 62 30
1989 Aug 10-13 10 48 23 10 9 58 33
1989 Feb 28-Mar 2 12 57 16 7 8 69 23

N. Libya

  Very
favor-
able
Mostly
favor-
able
Mostly
un-
favor-
able
Very
un-
favor-
able
No
opin-
ion
Total
favor-
able
Total
unfavor-
able
  % % % % % % %
2003 Feb 3-6 1 17 39 24 19 18 63
               
2002 Feb 4-6 2 13 41 27 17 15 68
2001 Feb 1-4 ^ 2 9 40 35 14 11 75

O. Mexico

  Very
favor-
able
Mostly
favor-
able
Mostly
un-
favor-
able
Very
un-
favor-
able
No
opin-
ion
Total
favor-
able
Total
unfavor-
able
  % % % % % % %
2003 Feb 3-6 13 61 16 4 6 74 20
               
2002 Feb 4-6 16 56 17 5 6 72 22
2001 Feb 1-4 ^ 17 50 17 9 7 67 26
1999 Feb 8-9 12 43 26 8 11 55 34
1996 Mar 8-10 11 46 23 9 11 57 32
1993 Jun 29-30 7 36 35 14 8 43 49
1991 Mar 14-17 12 53 18 4 13 65 22
1989 Feb 28-Mar 2 7 55 21 6 11 62 27

P. North Korea

  Very
favor-
able
Mostly
favor-
able
Mostly
un-
favor-
able
Very
un-
favor-
able
No
opin-
ion
Total
favor-
able
Total
unfavor-
able
  % % % % % % %
2003 Feb 3-6 1 11 38 42 8 12 80
               
2002 Feb 4-6 3 20 38 27 12 23 65
2001 Feb 1-4 ^ 3 28 37 22 10 31 59
2000 Nov 13-15 3 23 41 22 11 26 63

Q. Pakistan

  Very
favor-
able
Mostly
favor-
able
Mostly
un-
favor-
able
Very
un-
favor-
able
No
opin-
ion
Total
favor-
able
Total
unfavor-
able
  % % % % % % %
2003 Feb 3-6 2 24 42 20 12 26 62
               
2002 Feb 4-6 4 26 42 21 7 30 63
2000 Mar 17-19 2 19 39 20 20 21 59

R. Russia

  Very
favor-
able
Mostly
favor-
able
Mostly
un-
favor-
able
Very
un-
favor-
able
No
opin-
ion
Total
favor-
able
Total
unfavor-
able
  % % % % % % %
2003 Feb 3-6 6 57 20 6 11 63 26
               
2002 Feb 4-6 11 55 20 7 7 66 27
2001 Feb 1-4 ^ 6 46 27 15 6 52 42
2000 Nov 13-15 5 35 39 14 7 40 53
2000 Mar 17-19 5 35 39 12 9 40 51
1999 Nov 4-7 4 34 44 14 4 38 58
1999 May 7-9 4 42 36 13 5 46 49
1999 Apr 13-14 3 30 45 14 8 33 59
1999 Feb 8-9 6 38 34 10 12 44 44
1997 Nov 21-23 7 49 29 7 8 56 36
1996 Mar 8-10 6 46 29 10 9 52 39
1995 Apr 21-24 5 44 32 12 7 49 44
1994 Feb 26-28 8 48 28 11 5 56 39
1992 Feb 6-9 12 45 20 13 10 57 33
1991 Nov 21-24 7 45 24 12 12 52 36
1991 Aug 23-25 9 51 22 9 9 60 31
1991 Aug 8-11 11 55 19 6 9 66 25
1991 Mar 14-17 6 44 32 10 8 50 42
1991 Jan 30-Feb 2 8 49 26 9 8 57 35
1990 Sep 10-11 7 51 23 9 10 58 32
1990 May 17-20 7 48 24 8 13 55 32
1990 Aug 10-13 8 43 27 13 9 51 40
1989 Feb 28-Mar 2 7 55 20 9 9 62 29
               

1989-1992 WORDING: Soviet Union

S. Saudi Arabia

  Very
favor-
able
Mostly
favor-
able
Mostly
un-
favor-
able
Very
un-
favor-
able
No
opin-
ion
Total
favor-
able
Total
unfavor-
able
  % % % % % % %
2003 Feb 3-6 3 27 41 20 9 30 61
               
2002 Feb 4-6 4 23 42 22 9 27 64
2001 Feb 1-4 ^ 7

40

28 18 7 47 46
1991 Aug 8-11 11 45 21 12 11 56 33

T. South Korea

  Very
favor-
able
Mostly
favor-
able
Mostly
un-
favor-
able
Very
un-
favor-
able
No
opin-
ion
Total
favor-
able
Total
unfavor-
able
  % % % % % % %
2003 Feb 3-6 10 48 23 8 11 58 31
               
2002 Feb 4-6 9 45 25 8 13 54 33
2000 Nov 13-15 5 44 28 10 13 59 38
1991 Mar 14-17 6 41 22 8 23 47 30

U. The Palestinian Authority

  Very
favor-
able
Mostly
favor-
able
Mostly
un-
favor-
able
Very
un-
favor-
able
No
opin-
ion
Total
favor-
able
Total
unfavor-
able
  % % % % % % %
2003 Feb 3-6 1 12 44 29 14 13 73
               
2002 Feb 4-6 3 11 44 32 10 14 76
2001 Feb 1-4 ^ 4 18 39 24 15 22 63
2000 Jan 25-26 3 18 36 16 27 21 52

V. Vietnam

  Very
favor-
able
Mostly
favor-
able
Mostly
un-
favor-
able
Very
un-
favor-
able
No
opin-
ion
Total
favor-
able
Total
unfavor-
able
  % % % % % % %
2003 Feb 3-6 5 38 28 11 18 43 39
               
2002 Feb 4-6 5 41 31 11 12 46 42
2001 Feb 1-4 ^ 7 39 30 14 10 46 44
2000 Nov 13-15 3 33 37 16 11 36 53

W. Kuwait

  Very
favor-
able
Mostly
favor-
able
Mostly
un-
favor-
able
Very
un-
favor-
able
No
opin-
ion
Total
favor-
able
Total
unfavor-
able
  % % % % % % %
2003 Feb 3-6 6 41 30 12 11 47 42

X. Turkey

  Very
favor-
able
Mostly
favor-
able
Mostly
un-
favor-
able
Very
un-
favor-
able
No
opin-
ion
Total
favor-
able
Total
unfavor-
able
  % % % % % % %
2003 Feb 3-6 8 55 15 5 17 63 20

Y. Italy

  Very
favor-
able
Mostly
favor-
able
Mostly
un-
favor-
able
Very
un-
favor-
able
No
opin-
ion
Total
favor-
able
Total
unfavor-
able
  % % % % % % %
2003 Feb 3-6 18 62 6 3 11 80 9
               
2001 Feb 1-4 ^ 24 54 8 4 10 78 12

Z. Spain

  Very
favor-
able
Mostly
favor-
able
Mostly
un-
favor-
able
Very
un-
favor-
able
No
opin-
ion
Total
favor-
able
Total
unfavor-
able
  % % % % % % %
2003 Feb 3-6 14 61 7 2 16 75 9
* Less than 0.5%
^ Asked of a half sample


 

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