In Depth: Topics A to Z

Iraq

Next, I'd like your overall opinion of some foreign countries. What is your overall opinion of Iraq? Is it very favorable, mostly favorable, mostly unfavorable or very unfavorable?

Next, I'd like your overall opinion of some foreign countries. What is your overall opinion of Iraq? Is it very favorable, mostly favorable, mostly unfavorable or very unfavorable?

Trend: Would you favor or oppose the United States sending ground troops to Iraq and Syria in order to assist groups in those countries that are fighting the Islamic militants?

Trend: In view of the developments since we first sent our troops to Iraq, do you think the United States made a mistake in sending troops to Iraq, or not?

Please tell me if you see Islamic militants, commonly known as ISIS, operating in Iraq and Syria, as a critical threat, an important but not critical threat, or not an important threat at all to the vital interests of the United States in the next 10 years.

Do you favor or oppose sending U.S. ground troops to Syria and Iraq to help fight the Islamic militants commonly known as ISIS?

Trend: Turning to Iraq, do you approve or disapprove of President Obama's 2011 decision to withdraw nearly all U.S. troops from Iraq?

Do you favor or oppose the United States taking direct military action in Iraq to assist the Iraqi government in fighting militants there?

At this time, how worried are you about the situation in Iraq?

Trend: Please say whether you consider Iraq an ally of the United States, friendly, but not an ally, unfriendly, or an enemy of the United States

Next, how important do you think what happens in each of the following countries is to the United States today -- would you say it is vitally important, important but not vital, not too important, or not at all important? First, how about what happens in … [RANDOM ORDER]?

Iraq

Vitally
important

Important,
not vital

Not too
important

Not at all
important

No
opinion

%

%

%

%

%

2011 Feb 2-5

52

32

10

5

2

2007 Feb 1-4

70

19

6

3

2


In your opinion, is Iraq -- [ROTATED: much better off, somewhat better off, somewhat worse off, (or) much worse off] -- than before the U.S. and British invasion?

Much
better
off

Some-
what
better
off

Some-
what
worse
off

Much
worse
off

Same
(vol.)

No
opinion

2010 Aug 5-8

15%

49

18

12

2

4

2006 Mar 10-12 ^

19%

48

18

12

1

2

2004 May 21-23

27%

45

16

8

1

3

(vol.) = Volunteered response

^Asked of a half sample

In the long run, how do you think history will judge the U.S. invasion and subsequent involvement in Iraq -- as [ROTATED: a total success for the United States, mostly successful, mostly a failure, (or as) a total failure for the United States]?

Total
success

Mostly
successful

Mostly a
failure

Total
failure

No
opinion

%

%

%

%

%

2010 Aug 5-8

3

39

39

14

5

2008 Feb 21-24

4

38

36

18

4

Next, as you may know, the U.S. is planning to reduce the number of troops it has in Iraq to 50,000 by the end of this month and turn responsibility for maintaining security in Iraq over to the Iraqis. Just your best guess, do you think Iraqi security forces will or will not be able to limit insurgent attacks and generally maintain peace and security in Iraq?

Yes, able to
maintain
security

No, not
able to

No
opinion

%

%

%

2010 Aug 5-8 ^

34

61

5

^ Asked of a half sample

Next, as you may know, the U.S. is planning to withdraw all of its troops from Iraq by the end of 2011. Do you think the U.S. should -- [ROTATED: stick to that timetable for withdrawing all its troops from Iraq regardless of what is going on in Iraq at the time, (or should the U.S.) keep its troops in Iraq beyond 2011 if Iraqi security forces are unable to contain insurgent attacks and maintain order in Iraq, (or should the U.S.]?

Stick to
timetable for
withdrawing
troops
regardless

Keep troops
beyond 2011 if
Iraqis cannot
maintain order

No opinion

%

%

%

2010 Aug 5-8 ^

53

43

4

^ Asked of a half sample

In general, how would you say things are going for the U.S. in Iraq -- [ROTATED: very well, moderately well, moderately badly, (or) very badly]?

Very
well

Mod-
erately
well

Mod-
erately
badly

Very
badly

No
opinion

%

%

%

%

%

2010 Jul 8-11 ^

5

45

38

10

2

2009 Jul 10-12 ^

7

49

26

14

3

2009 Mar 14-15 ^ **

8

43

29

14

5

2008 Sep 5-7 ^

13

39

26

21

1

2008 Aug 21-23 ^

9

38

31

20

2

2008 Jul 25-27 ^

8

38

32

19

3

2007 Nov 30-Dec 2

8

35

43

13

1

2007 Jan 5-7

3

25

33

38

1

2006 Oct 20-22 ^

3

32

29

35

2

2006 Jun 9-11

8

39

30

23

1

2006 Mar 10-12

6

32

32

28

1

2006 Jan 6-8

8

38

32

21

1

2005 Oct 21-23

7

35

29

28

1

2005 Aug 5-7

5

38

28

28

1

2005 Apr 29-May 1

6

36

31

25

2

2005 Mar 18-20

8

44

24

21

3

2005 Feb 4-6

13

40

28

18

1

2005 Jan 7-9

5

35

29

30

1

2004 Dec 5-8

6

34

26

33

1

2004 Sep 24-26

4

42

27

25

2

2004 Aug 9-11 ^

5

40

28

25

2

2004 Jul 8-11

5

35

30

29

1

2004 Jun 3-6

6

34

35

25

*

2004 May 21-23

7

35

26

31

1

2004 May 2-4

4

33

32

30

1

2004 Apr 5-8

5

30

31

33

1

2004 Mar 5-7

9

46

28

15

2

2003 Nov 3-5 †

4

34

34

27

1

2003 Oct 6-8 ^†

6

36

34

24

*

2003 Sep 8-10 †

6

41

31

21

1

2003 Aug 25-26 †

6

44

30

19

1

2003 Jul 25-27 †

10

46

28

15

1

2003 Jul 18-20 †

6

48

30

15

1

2003 Jun 27-29 †

5

51

29

13

2

2003 May 30-Jun 1 †

11

59

22

7

1

2003 May 5-7 ^†

30

56

10

3

1

2003 Apr 22-23 ^†

21

64

12

2

1

* Less than 0.5%

^ Asked of a half sample

** USA Today/Gallup poll asked on Gallup Daily tracking survey

† WORDING: How would you say things are going for the U.S. in Iraq now that the major fighting has ended -- [ROTATED: very well, moderately well, moderately badly, (or) very badly]?

(Asked of a half sample) Based on what you have heard or read about the surge of U.S. troops in Iraq that began earlier this year, do you think the increase in the number of U.S. troops in Iraq is -- [ROTATED: making the situation there better, not making much difference, or is it making the situation there worse]?

Better

Not making
much
difference

Worse

No
opinion

%

%

%

%

2008 Jul 25-27^

48

32

17

3

2008 Feb 21-24

40

38

20

2

2008 Feb 8-10

43

35

21

2

2007 Nov 30-Dec 2

40

39

20

1

2007 Nov 2-4 ^†

34

39

25

2

2007 Sep 14-16 †

35

43

21

1

2007 Sep 7-8 †

32

44

19

5

2007 Aug 3-5 †

31

41

24

4

2007 Jul 6-8 ^†

22

51

25

2

^ Asked of a half sample

† WORDING: Based on what you have heard or read about the recent surge of U.S. troops in Iraq, do you think the increase in the number of U.S. troops in Iraq is -- [ROTATED: making the situation there better, not making much difference, or is it making the situation there worse]?

Trends for comparison: Based on what you have heard or read about the recent surge of U.S. troops in Baghdad, do you think the increase in the number of U.S. troops in Baghdad is -- [ROTATED: making the situation there better, not making much difference, or is it making the situation there worse]?

Better

Not making
much
difference

Worse

No
opinion

2007 Jul 6-8 ^

17%

49

30

3

2007 Apr 13-15

26%

41

29

4

2007 Mar 23-25

29%

43

22

5

^ Asked of a half sample

If you had to choose, which do you think is better for the U.S. -- [ROTATED: to plan for the withdrawal of U.S. troops from Iraq but NOT set a timetable or target date when most U.S. troops would be out (or) to plan for the withdrawal of U.S. troops with a projected timetable or target date when most U.S. troops would be out]?

Plan for
withdrawal
with no
timetable

Plan for
withdrawal
with timetable

No
opinion

%

%

%

2008 Jul 25-27

50

47

3

If you had to choose, which is the more important war for the United States -- [ROTATED: the war in Iraq (or) the war in Afghanistan]?

Iraq

Afghanistan

Both
equally (vol.)

No
opinion

%

%

%

%

2008 Jul 25-27

38

44

10

8

(vol.) = Volunteered response

If you had to choose, which do you think is better for the U.S. -- [ROTATED: to keep a significant number of troops in Iraq until the situation there gets better, even if that takes many years, (or) to set a timetable for removing troops from Iraq and to stick to that timetable regardless of what is going on in Iraq at the time]?

Keep troops in
Iraq until
situation
gets better

Set timetable
for removing
troops from Iraq

No
opinion

%

%

%

2008 Feb 21-24

35

60

5

2008 Feb 8-10

39

56

5

2007 Nov 30-Dec 2

38

59

3

2007 Sep 14-16

38

59

4

2007 Sep 7-8

35

60

5

2007 May 4-6

36

59

5

2007 Apr 13-15

38

57

4

2005 Jun 29-30

48

49

3

2005 Jun 24-26

44

51

5

(Asked of those who say it is better for the U.S. to set a timetable for removing troops from Iraq and stick to that timetable regardless of what is going on in Iraq at the time) Do you think the United States should withdraw all of its troops from Iraq as rapidly as possible, starting now, or should the U.S. set a timetable that calls for a more gradual withdrawal of troops from Iraq?

Withdraw troops
as soon as
possible

Set timetable
for gradual
withdrawal


No
opinion

2008 Feb 21-24

30%

69

1

2008 Feb 8-10

32%

67

1

2007 Nov 30-Dec 2

28%

72

*

2007 Sep 14-16

30%

70

*

2007 Sep 7-8

34%

65

1

* Less than 0.5%

COMBINED RESPONSES: VIEW OF WHAT TO DO ABOUT U.S. TROOP LEVELS IN IRAQ, BASED ON FULL SAMPLE

2008
Feb 21-24

2008
Feb 8-10

2007
Nov 30-
Dec 2

Keep troops in Iraq until situation gets better

35

39

38

Set timetable for removing troops from Iraq

60

56

59

(Withdraw troops as soon as possible)

(18)

(18)

(17)

(Set timetable for gradual withdrawal)

(41)

(37)

(42)

(Unsure)

(1)

(1)

(*)

No opinion

5

5

3

Just your best guess, for how many more years do you think the United States will have a significant number of troops in Iraq? [OPEN-ENDED AND RECORD NUMBER OF YEARS AS TWO DIGITS]

2008 Feb 21-24

%

One year or less

7

Two-three years

32

Four-five years

26

Six-ten years

17

Eleven-twenty years

5

More than twenty years

4

No opinion

8

Mean

8.0 years

Median

4 years

Do you think the United States does -- or does not -- have an obligation to establish a reasonable level of stability and security in Iraq before withdrawing all of its troops?

Yes, does

No, does not

No opinion

%

%

%

2008 Feb 21-24

65

32

3

2007 Sep 7-8

67

29

4

Do you think the United States would be more likely to be attacked by terrorists -- [ROTATED: if the U.S. keeps its troops in Iraq (or) if the U.S. withdraws its troops from Iraq]?

If U.S.
keeps
troops
in Iraq

If U.S.
withdraws
troops
from Iraq

Makes no
difference
(vol.)

No
opinion

%

%

%

%

2008 Feb 21-24

40

38

16

6

(vol.) = Volunteered response

Do you think Al-Qaeda would be more likely to use Iraq as a base for its terrorist operations -- [ROTATED: if the U.S. keeps its troops in Iraq (or) if the U.S. withdraws its troops from Iraq]?

If U.S. keeps
troops in
Iraq

If U.S.
withdraws
troops
from Iraq

Makes no
difference
(vol.)

No
opinion

%

%

%

%

2008 Feb 21-24

20

63

10

7

(vol.) = Volunteered response

Do you think a greater number of Iraqis would die from violence in that country -- [ROTATED: if the U.S. keeps its troops in Iraq (or) if the U.S. withdraws its troops from Iraq]?

If U.S. keeps
troops in Iraq

If U.S.
withdraws
troops
from Iraq

Makes no
difference
(vol.)

No opinion

%

%

%

%

2008 Feb 21-24

27

57

8

7

(vol.) = Volunteered response

Do you think a broader war involving several Middle East nations would be more likely to occur -- [ROTATED: if the U.S. keeps its troops in Iraq (or) if the U.S. withdraws its troops from Iraq]?

If U.S. keeps
troops
in Iraq

If U.S.
withdraws
troops
from Iraq

Makes no
difference
(vol.)

No
opinion

%

%

%

%

2008 Feb 21-24

35

50

7

8

Do you think the Bush administration deliberately misled the American public about whether Iraq has weapons of mass destruction, or not?

Yes,
deliberately
misled

No,
did not

No
opinion

%

%

%

2008 Feb 21-24

53

42

5

2006 Mar 10-12 ^

51

46

3

2006 Jan 20-22

53

46

1

2005 Oct 28-30

53

45

2

2005 Jul 22-24

51

47

2

2005 Apr 1-2

50

48

2

2004 Oct 9-10

47

51

2

2004 Jul 19-21 ^

45

52

3

2004 Jan 29-Feb 1

43

54

3

2003 Jul 18-20

39

58

3

2003 Jun 27-29

37

61

2

2003 Jun 9-10

31

64

5

2003 May 30-Jun 1

31

67

2

^ Asked of a half sample

In your opinion, in the long run, will Iraq be -- [ROTATED: much better off, somewhat better off, somewhat worse off, (or) much worse off] -- than before the U.S. and British invasion?

Much
better
off

Some-
what
better
off

Some-
what
worse
off

Much
worse
off

Same
(vol.)

No
opinion

2008 Feb 21-24

23%

44

14

12

3

5

2007 Nov 30-Dec 2

25%

46

14

10

3

2

2006 Mar 10-12 ^

30%

38

18

8

2

3

(vol.) = Volunteered response

^ Asked of a half sample

Do you, personally, have any close friends, family members, or coworkers who have served in Iraq in the U.S. military since the war began, or not?

Yes

No

No opinion

2008 Feb 21-24

55%

45

1

2006 Oct 20-22

54%

45

*

2006 Mar 10-12

58%

42

*

* Less than 0.5%

(Asked of those who had a close family friend or family member who has served in Iraq) Are any of those people immediate relatives to you, or not? By immediate relative we mean one of the following -- a spouse, parent, sister or brother, child, grandchild or son-in-law or daughter-in-law.

COMBINED RESPONSES: BASED ON NATIONAL ADULTS

2008 Feb 21-24

Yes, close friend/family member has served in Iraq

55

(Immediate relative)

(14)

(Non-immediate relative)

(41)

No, no close friend/family member has served in Iraq

45

No opinion

1

Were any of them wounded or killed while serving in Iraq?

[COMBINED RESPONSES]

2006 Oct 20-22

2006 Mar 10-12

%

%

Know someone who served in Iraq

54

58

(Person was wounded or killed)

(11)

(12)

(Person not wounded or killed)

(43)

(46)

Do not know someone who served in Iraq

45

42

No opinion

*

*

* Less than 0.5%

Which comes closer to your view about the war in Iraq -- [ROTATED: you think the U.S. will definitely win the war in Iraq, you think the U.S. will probably win the war in Iraq, you think the U.S. can win the war in Iraq, but you don't think it will win, (or) you do not think the U.S. can win the war in Iraq]?

Definitely
win

Probably
win

Can win,
but don't
think it
will win

Do not
think it
can win

No
opinion

%

%

%

%

%

2007 Nov 30-Dec 2

15

24

20

37

4

2007 Sep 14-16

14

19

22

42

3

2007 Sep 7-8

13

19

23

39

5

2007 Jun 1-3

10

20

24

41

5

2007 Mar 2-4

11

17

20

46

6

2006 Dec 8-10

14

21

25

36

3

2006 Jun 9-11

19

29

21

27

4

2006 Apr 7-9

20

19

21

36

4

2006 Feb 28-Mar 1

24

20

18

34

5

2005 Dec 16-18 ^

24

25

20

27

4

2005 Dec 9-11 ^

25

21

19

30

5

2005 Nov 11-13

23

23

17

33

4

2005 Sep 16-18

21

22

20

34

3

^ Asked of a half sample

Next, we'd like to learn your views about what would happen in Iraq depending on whether the U.S. keeps troops there or withdraws its troops from there. First,

How much confidence do you have in the Iraqi government to meet the goals the United States has laid out for Iraq -- a great deal, a fair amount, not much, or none at all?

Great deal

Fair amount

Not much

None at all

No opinion

2007 Nov 30-Dec 2

2%

30

42

24

2

Which comes closest to your view about the war with Iraq -- [ROTATED: you are certain that the U.S. will win, you think it is likely that the U.S. will win, but you are not certain, you think it is unlikely that the U.S. will win, but you are not certain, (or) you are certain that the U.S. will NOT win]?

Certain
will win

Likely
but not
certain

Unlikely
but not
certain

Certain
will not
win

No
opinion

%

%

%

%

%

2007 Nov 2-4 ^

19

32

20

21

8

2007 Jan 12-14

17

30

27

22

4

2007 Jan 5-7

16

34

28

18

4

2006 Mar 10-12

22

32

25

16

6

2003 Apr 5 ^

79

17

1

--

3

2003 Mar 29-30

69

25

3

1

2

^ Margin of error: ± 5 pct. pts.; Polls conducted entirely in one day, such as this one, are subject to additional error or bias not found in polls conducted over several days.

All in all, do you think the situation in Iraq is -- [ROTATED: getting better for the United States, staying about the same, or getting worse for the United States]?

Better

About
the same

Worse

No
opinion

2007 Oct 12-14

16%

30

53

1

Based on what you have heard or read, over the next few months, is the United States planning to -- [ROTATED: increase the number of troops it has in Iraq, keep the number of troops the same, or decrease the number of troops it has in Iraq]?

Increase

Keep
the same

Decrease

No
opinion

2007 Oct 12-14

17%

27

52

4

Who do you trust to recommend the right thing for the U.S. to do in Iraq -- [ROTATED: George W. Bush (or) the Democrats in Congress], both or neither?

Bush

Democrats in
Congress

Both

Neither

No
opinion

2007 Sep 14-16

27%

35

9

28

1

How closely are you following the news about congressional testimony on the situation in Iraq by Gen. David Petraeus and Ambassador Ryan Crocker -- very closely, somewhat closely, not too closely, or not at all?

Very
closely

Somewhat
closely

Not too
closely

Not
at all

No
opinion

2007 Sep 14-16

14%

40

33

13

*

* Less than 0.5%

As you may know, George W. Bush is adopting General Petraeus' recommendations for future troop levels in Iraq. Based on what you have heard or read about this plan, do you think General Petraeus' plan calls for -- [ROTATED: too few U.S. troops to be withdrawn from Iraq, the right amount, or too many U.S. troops to be withdrawn from Iraq]?

Too few
troops to be
withdrawn

Right
amount

Too many
troops to be
withdrawn

No
opinion

2007 Sep 14-16

36%

43

9

13

Still thinking about this plan, do you think General Petraeus' plan calls for -- [ROTATED: U.S. troops to be withdrawn too slowly from Iraq, withdrawals to occur at the right pace, or U.S. troops to be withdrawn too quickly from Iraq]?

Troops to be
withdrawn
too slowly

To occur
at the
right pace

Troops to be
withdrawn
too quickly

No
opinion

2007 Sep 14-16

33%

42

12

13

Do you think the United States is doing too much, the right amount, or not enough to hold the Iraqi government accountable for taking control of the situation in Iraq?

Too
much

Right
amount

Not
enough

No
opinion

2007 Sep 14-16

10%

15

71

4

As a result of the surge of U.S. troops in Iraq, are you now more confident that the United States will accomplish its goals in Iraq in the long run, or not?

Yes, more
confident

No, not

No opinion

2007 Sep 7-8

35%

61

5

(Asked of those who say it is better for the U.S. to keep a significant number of troops in Iraq until the situation there gets better) Do you think the United States is now in a position where it can reduce the number of troops it has in Iraq, or should the U.S. keep troop levels the same for the time being?

Yes, in a position
to reduce troops

No, should keep
troop levels the same

No
opinion

2007 Sep 7-8

26%

67

7

Please tell me how much confidence you have in the recommendations of each of the following for what to do next in Iraq -- a great deal, a fair amount, only a little, or almost none. How about -- [RANDOM ORDER]?

2007 Sep 7-8
(sorted by "great deal/
fair amount")

Great
deal

Fair
amount

Only
a
little

Almost
none

No
opin-
ion

Great
deal/
Fair
amount

%

%

%

%

%

%

General David Petraeus,
commander of U.S. forces in Iraq

27

36

15

11

12

63

The Joint Chiefs of Staff and other
military leaders at the Pentagon

21

37

21

15

6

58

The Democrats in Congress

12

32

28

25

4

44

The Republicans in Congress

11

30

26

29

5

41

George W. Bush

16

22

17

43

1

38

Iraqi elected officials

4

23

27

38

8

27

Do you think the war with Iraq has made the U.S. safer -- or less safe -- from terrorism?

Safer

Less safe

No change
(vol.)

No
opinion

%

%

%

%

2007 Sep 7-8

40

49

10

1

2006 Oct 20-22

37

52

9

2

2006 Sep 15-17

41

48

8

3

2005 Aug 5-7

34

57

6

3

2005 Jul 7-10 ^

40

54

5

1

2005 Jun 29-30

44

39

13

4

2005 Jun 24-26 ^

43

46

8

3

2004 Oct 1-3

47

45

5

3

2004 Jun 21-23

37

55

6

2

2004 Mar 5-7

50

37

10

3

2003 Dec 15-16 ^

56

33

9

2

2003 Nov 14-16

48

43

7

2

2003 Oct 24-26

45

43

10

2

2003 Apr 22-23

58

33

8

1

2003 Apr 10 †

51

37

9

3

^ Based on a half sample

† Polls conducted entirely in one day, such as this one, are subject to additional error or bias not found in polls conducted over several days.

Do you think Congress -- [ROTATED: is doing too much to oversee U.S. policy in the war in Iraq, is doing the right amount, or do you think Congress is not doing enough to oversee U.S. policy in the war in Iraq]?

Too
much

Right
amount

Not
enough

No
opinion

2007 Sep 7-8

22%

26

46

6

2006 Sep 15-17

14%

22

56

7

In dealing with the situation in Iraq, do you think the U.S. is -- [ROTATED: putting too much emphasis, the right amount, or not putting enough emphasis] -- on finding a military solution to the problems in Iraq?

Too
much

Right
amount

Not
enough

No
opinion

2007 Sep 7-8

33%

27

37

4

In dealing with the situation in Iraq, do you think the U.S. is -- [ROTATED: putting too much emphasis, the right amount, or not putting enough emphasis] -- on finding a political solution to the problems in Iraq?

Too
much

Right
amount

Not
enough

No
opinion

2007 Sep 7-8

17%

21

56

5

As you may know, the United States has set out a series of goals or benchmarks for the Iraqi government to meet as a condition for the U.S. providing military and economic aid to Iraq. Do you think the Iraqi government is capable -- or not capable -- of achieving these goals?

Yes,
is capable

No,
not capable

No
opinion

2007 Sep 7-8

36%

57

7

Do you think the Iraqi government is sincere -- or not sincere -- about achieving these goals?

Yes,
is sincere

No,
not sincere

No opinion

2007 Sep 7-8

38%

54

8

As you may know, this coming week, General David Petraeus is scheduled to report to Congress on the progress of U.S. military action in Iraq. Just your best guess, do you think General Petraeus' report will be -- [ROTATED: an independent and objective report on the current situation in Iraq, (or) a biased report that reflects what the Bush administration wants the public to believe about Iraq]?

Independent/
Objective report

Biased
report

No
opinion

2007 Sep 7-8

40%

53

7

Do you, personally, have a close relative who has served in the U.S. military in any capacity since the September 11th terrorist attacks? [What is their relation to you?] [Do you have any other close relatives who have served in the military during this time?] [OPEN-END]

2007 Sep 7-8

%

Yes, close relative has served in the U.S. military since 9/11

12

(Spouse)

(1)

(Parent)

(*)

(Sibling)

(6)

(Child)

(4)

(Grandchild)

(2)

No, but non-immediate relative has served

24

No, no close relatives has served

67

No opinion

*

Percentages add to more than 100% due to multiple responses.

* Less than 0.5%

(Asked of those who have a close relative who has served in the U.S. military in any capacity since the September 11th terrorist attack) Has your [INSERT RELATIVE NAME] served in either Afghanistan or Iraq since the September 11th terrorist attacks, or not?

COMBINED RESPONSES: BASED ON FULL SAMPLE

2007 Sep 7-8

%

Yes, close relative has severed in Afghanistan/Iraq

6

No, close relative has served in military but not in Afghanistan or Iraq

6

No close relatives in military

88

No opinion

*

* Less than 0.5%

(Asked of a half sample) Do you favor or oppose removing all U.S. troops from Iraq by April 1st of next year, except for a limited number that would be involved in counterterrorism efforts?

Favor

Oppose

No opinion

2007 Aug 3-5

66%

30

4

2007 Jul 6-8

71%

26

4

(Asked of a half sample) Which comes closer to your view about U.S. policy toward the situation in Iraq -- [ROTATED: Congress should act now to develop a new policy on Iraq, (or) Congress should not develop a new policy on Iraq until September when General Petraeus reports on the progress of the U.S. troop surge in Iraq]?

Act now to
develop new
policy on Iraq

Not develop
new policy on
Iraq until
September

No
opinion

2007 Aug 3-5

39%

56

6

2007 Jul 6-8

40%

55

5

How important will a candidate's past and current positions on the war in Iraq be in determining your vote for president in 2008 -- extremely important, very important, somewhat important, or not that important?

Extremely
impor-
tant

Very
impor-
tant

Some-
what
impor-
tant

Not
that
impor-
tant

No
opinion

Registered voters

2007 Jun 11-14

33%

34

25

8

1

2007 Jun 1-3

32%

43

18

6

1

National adults

2007 Jun 11-14

32%

34

24

9

1

2007 Jun 1-3

33%

41

19

6

1

Thinking now specifically about how candidates' positions on the war in Iraq would affect your vote, would you be more likely or less likely to vote for a presidential candidate who -- [ITEMS ROTATED]?

A. Supports legislation that would cut off funding for the war in Iraq

More
likely

Less
likely

No
difference
(vol.)

No
opinion

Registered voters

2007 Jun 1-3

33%

60

3

5

National adults

2007 Jun 1-3

33%

60

3

4

B. Only supports legislation on the war that includes a timetable for removing U.S. troops from Iraq

More
likely

Less
likely

No
difference
(vol.)

No
opinion

Registered voters

2007 Jun 1-3

56%

37

3

4

National adults

2007 Jun 1-3

58%

36

3

4

(vol.) = Volunteered response

Do you approve or disapprove of the way [ROTATED] are handling the situation in Iraq?

A. The Republicans in Congress

Approve

Disapprove

No opinion

2007 May 4-6

27%

67

6

2007 Feb 9-11

27%

70

4

B. The Democrats in Congress

Approve

Disapprove

No opinion

2007 May 4-6

34%

59

6

2007 Feb 9-11

30%

63

7

How closely have you been following the debate between Congress and the president about a bill to fund the Iraq war -- very closely, somewhat closely, not too closely, or not at all?

Very
closely

Somewhat
closely

Not too
closely

Not
at all

No
opinion

2007 May 4-6

25%

42

23

11

*

* Less than 0.5%

(Asked of a half sample) Do you think this bill should or should not include certain requirements or benchmarks for the Iraqi government to meet in order to continue receiving economic assistance from the United States?

Yes, should

No, should not

No opinion

2007 May 4-6

74%

21

4

(Asked of a half sample) Do you think this bill should or should not include certain requirements or benchmarks for the Iraqi government meet in order to continue receiving military assistance from the United States?

Yes, should

No, should not

No opinion

2007 May 4-6

75%

19

6

Do you think George W. Bush should compromise with the Democratic leaders in Congress on Iraq more than he has, or should he hold firm in his position?

Should
compromise

Should hold
firm

No
opinion

2007 May 4-6

68%

27

5

Do you think the Democratic leaders in Congress should compromise with George W. Bush on Iraq more than they have, or should they hold firm in their position?

Should
compromise

Should
hold firm

No
opinion

2007 May 4-6

52%

43

5

COMBINED RESPONSES: BASED ON FULL SAMPLE

2007 May 4-6

%

Both sides should compromise

29

Bush should compromise, Democrats should hold firm in their position

37

Democrats should compromise, Bush should hold firm in his position

22

Both sides should hold firm in their positions

4

Mixed/No opinion

7

Next, we'd like to learn your views about what would happen both if the U.S. were to keep its troops in Iraq and if the U.S. were to remove its troops from Iraq. First,

If the United States removes all of its troops from Iraq by the middle of next year, do you think each of the following would -- or would not -- happen? How about -- [RANDOM ORDER]?

2007 May 4-6
(sorted by "yes, would happen")

Yes,
would

No,
would
not

No
opinion

%

%

%

A full scale civil war would occur in Iraq and result in the deaths of tens of thousands of Iraqis

68

26

7

Al-Qaeda would use Iraq as a base for its terrorist operations

66

27

6

There would be new terrorist attacks against the U.S., like the ones that occurred on 9/11

55

41

4

A broader war involving several countries in the Middle East would break out

52

42

6

Countries such as North Korea and Iran would view it as a sign of U.S. weakness and take actions to threaten the U.S.

50

46

4

If the United States keeps its troops in Iraq for the foreseeable future, do you think each of the following would -- or would not -- happen? How about -- [RANDOM ORDER]?

2007 May 4-6
(sorted by "yes, would happen")

Yes,
would

No,
would
not

No
opinion

%

%

%

Middle Eastern nations would become much more hostile to the U.S.

61

34

5

There would be new terrorist attacks against the U.S., like the ones that occurred on 9/11

51

44

5

Al-Qaeda would use Iraq as a base for its terrorist operations

47

47

6

A full scale civil war would occur in Iraq and result in the deaths of tens of thousands of Iraqis

47

46

7

Relations between the U.S. and its traditional allies would be damaged severely

46

50

5

A broader war involving several countries in the Middle East would break out

42

53

5

As you may know, about 3,000 U.S. troops died during the first four years of the war in Iraq. If the United States keeps its troops in Iraq for an additional four years, do you think -- [ROTATED: more than 3,000 additional U.S. troops will die in Iraq over the next four years, fewer than 3,000 additional U.S. troops will die in Iraq over the next four years], or would the number of deaths be about the same as in the past four years?

More

Fewer

About
the same

No
opinion

2007 May 4-6

44%

20

31

4

Do you think the United States would be more likely to be attacked by terrorists -- [ROTATED: if the U.S. keeps its troops in Iraq, if the U.S. withdraws its troops from Iraq], or would it not make any difference?

If the U.S.
keeps its
troops
in Iraq

If the U.S.
withdraws
its troops
from Iraq

Would not
make any
difference

No
opinion

2007 May 4-6

17%

22

58

3

Suppose the United States removes its troops from Iraq by the middle of next year, and at that time the situation in Iraq is at least as bad as it is today. Under those circumstances, would you believe the U.S. had lost the war, or not?

Yes, lost war

No, did not

No
opinion

2007 May 4-6

45%

49

6

If the United States is viewed as having lost the war in Iraq, how much would that bother you -- a great deal, a moderate amount, not much, or not at all?

Great
deal

Moderate
amount

Not
much

Not
at all

No
opinion

2007 May 4-6

33%

22

19

24

2

Would you favor or oppose Congress taking each of the following actions in regards to the war in Iraq? How about -- [RANDOM ORDER]?

A. Denying the funding needed to send any additional U.S. troops to Iraq

Favor

Oppose

No opinion

2007 Mar 23-25

36%

61

3

2007 Mar 2-4

37%

61

2

2007 Feb 9-11

40%

58

2

B. Setting a timetable for withdrawing all U.S. troops from Iraq no later than the fall of 2008

Favor

Oppose

No opinion

2007 Mar 23-25

60%

38

2

TREND FOR COMPARISON: Setting a timetable for withdrawing all U.S. troops from Iraq by the end of next year

Favor

Oppose

No opinion

2007 Mar 2-4

60%

39

1

2007 Feb 9-11

63%

35

2

C. Requiring U.S. troops to meet strict readiness criteria before being deployed to Iraq

Favor

Oppose

No opinion

2007 Mar 23-25

80%

15

4

Looking ahead, what do you think is more likely to happen when the U.S. reduces the number of troops it has in Baghdad -- [ROTATED: insurgents will step up their attacks and Iraqi security forces will be unable to make Baghdad secure (or) Iraqi security forces will be able to keep the situation in Baghdad largely under control]?

Insurgents
step up
attacks

Iraqi security
forces keep
situation
under control

No
opinion

2007 Mar 23-25

53%

36

11

Here are four different plans the U.S. could follow in dealing with the war in Iraq. Which ONE do you prefer -- [ROTATED: withdraw all troops from Iraq immediately, withdraw all troops by August 2007 -- that is, in 12 months' time, withdraw troops, but take as many years to do this as are needed to turn control over to the Iraqis, (or) send more troops to Iraq]?

Withdraw
immediately

Withdraw
in 12
months'
time

Withdraw,
take as
many
years as
needed

Send
more
troops

No
opinion

%

%

%

%

%

2007 Mar 2-4

20

38

26

13

3

2007 Jan 12-14

17

39

29

13

2

2007 Jan 5-7

15

39

31

12

2

2006 Oct 20-22

20

34

35

9

2

2006 Sep 15-17

17

31

42

9

2

2006 Jul 28-30

19

36

35

6

3

2006 Jul 21-23

19

33

38

7

2

2006 Jun 23-25

17

33

41

8

1

2006 Jun 9-11

17

32

42

6

3

2006 Mar 10-12

19

35

39

4

3

2005 Nov 11-13

19

33

38

7

3

As you may know, the Bush administration has begun to significantly increase the number of U.S. troops in Iraq to help stabilize the situation there. Do you favor or oppose this?

Favor

Oppose

No opinion

2007 Feb 9-11

38%

60

2

Trend for Comparison: As you may know, the Bush administration has proposed a significant increase in the number of U.S. troops in Iraq to help stabilize the situation there. Do you favor or oppose this?

Favor

Oppose

No opinion

2007 Jan 12-14

38%

59

3

Would you favor or oppose Congress passing a non-binding resolution to express its disapproval of President Bush's plan to send more U.S. troops to Iraq?

Favor

Oppose

No opinion

2007 Feb 9-11

51%

46

4

Would you favor or oppose Congress taking each of the following actions in regards to the war in Iraq? How about -- [RANDOM ORDER]?

A. Putting a cap or limit on the number of U.S. troops serving in Iraq at any one time

Favor

Oppose

No opinion

2007 Feb 9-11

57%

40

2

B. Denying the funding needed to send any additional U.S. troops to Iraq

Favor

Oppose

No opinion

2007 Feb 9-11

40%

58

2

C. Setting a timetable for withdrawing all U.S. troops from Iraq by the end of next year

Favor

Oppose

No opinion

2007 Feb 9-11

63%

35

2

Would you happen to know whether your representative in Congress favors or opposes President Bush's plan to increase the number of troops in Iraq, or are you unsure?

Favors

Opposes

Unsure

No answer

2007 Feb 9-11

14%

21

64

*

* Less than 0.5%

How much will your representative's position on the war in Iraq affect your vote in the next congressional elections? Will it be a major factor, a minor factor, or not a factor in your vote?

Major
factor

Minor
factor

Not a
factor

No
answer

2007 Feb 9-11

42%

28

29

2

How closely have you been following the news about attempts by some members of the U.S. Senate to hold a formal debate on the war in Iraq -- very closely, somewhat closely, not too closely, or not at all?

Very
closely

Somewhat
closely

Not too
closely

Not
at all

No
opinion

2007 Feb 9-11

15%

37

32

16

*

* Less than 0.5%

As you may know, so far, attempts to hold a debate on the Iraq war in the Senate have not been successful. How much does this bother you -- a great deal, a fair amount, not much, or not at all?

Great
deal

Fair
amount

Not
much

Not
at all

No
opinion

2007 Feb 9-11

35%

28

20

16

1

(Asked of those who are bothered by unsuccessful attempts to hold a debate on the Iraq war in the Senate) Who do you blame more for this -- [ROTATED: the Republicans in the Senate, (or) the Democrats in the Senate]?

Republicans

Democrats

Neither (vol.)

Both/
Equally
(vol.)

No
opinion

2007 Feb 9-11

51%

19

6

17

7

(vol.) = Volunteered response

Do you favor or oppose the U.S. war with Iraq?

Favor

Oppose

No opinion

%

%

%

2007 Jan 15-18

36

61

3

2006 Feb 9-12 ^

40

56

4

2005 Jun 16-19

39

59

2

2005 Mar 18-20 ^

47

47

6

2004 Nov 19-21 ^

48

46

6

2003 Oct 24-26

54

43

3

2003 Apr 22-23

71

26

3

2003 Apr 10 †

72

22

6

2003 Apr 7-8

68

28

4

2003 Apr 5-6

70

27

3

2003 Mar 29-30

70

27

3

2003 Mar 24-25

71

27

2

2003 Mar 22-23

72

25

3

^ Asked of a half sample

† Polls conducted entirely in one day, such as this one, are subject to additional error or bias not found in polls conducted over several days.

(Asked of adults who favor the U.S. war with Iraq) What are the one or two most important reasons why you favor the war with Iraq? [OPEN-ENDED]

2007 Jan 15-18

%

We need to put a stop to terrorists/terrorism/because of 9/11

34

For democracy/freedom for the Iraqi people

15

We started it and we need to finish it

15

We need to help stabilize that region/for world safety

13

To keep our nation safe and secure

12

Need to stop the dictatorship/Saddam Hussein

10

To keep the fighting over there and not in the U.S.

6

We need to support our president/leaders

6

The Iraqi people need our help and guidance

5

Need to support our troops

4

Other

8

No opinion

2

Percentages add to more than 100% due to multiple responses.

(Asked of adults who oppose the U.S. war with Iraq) What are the one or two most important reasons why you oppose the war with Iraq? [OPEN-ENDED]

2007 Jan 15-18

%

No reason to be there/unnecessary/unjustified

36

False pretenses that got us involved/misled by our leadership/not informed

24

Too many deaths

22

Taking too long/another Vietnam/need to end it

11

Ineffective/can't change the Iraqis' beliefs/way of life

7

Poorly planned from the beginning/no strategy/no exit strategy

7

Cost of it all

6

Don't believe in war/violence

4

We need to worry about our own country

3

Lack of military presence/equipment

2

It is time the Iraqis take care of themselves

1

Lack of help from allies/lack of US commitment

1

Concerned for the safety of family/friends over there

1

It is only making everything worse than it was

1

Other

9

No opinion

2

Percentages add to more than 100% due to multiple responses.

Do you think George W. Bush does -- or does not -- have a clear plan for handling the situation in Iraq?

Yes, does

No, does not

No opinion

%

%

%

2007 Jan 12-14

29

69

2

2007 Jan 5-7

25

72

3

2006 Sep 15-17

36

61

3

2006 Jun 23-25

31

67

2

2006 Mar 10-12

32

67

2

2005 Jun 29-30

38

58

4

2005 Jun 24-26

37

61

2

2005 Jan 14-16 ^

49

50

1

2004 Oct 1-3

49

49

2

2004 Sep 24-26

52

44

4

2004 Jul 30-Aug 1

42

56

2

2004 Jul 19-21

45

54

1

2003 Dec 15-16 †

51

45

4

2003 Sep 8-10 †

40

59

1

2003 Aug 25-26 †

44

54

2

^ Asked in a rotation with other issues

† WORDING: Do you think the Bush administration does -- or does not -- have a clear plan for handling the situation in Iraq?

Do you think the Democrats in Congress do -- or do not -- have a clear plan for handling the situation in Iraq?

Yes, do

No, do not

No opinion

%

%

%

2007 Jan 12-14

21

75

4

2007 Jan 5-7

25

66

9

2006 Sep 15-17

25

67

8

2006 Jun 23-25

25

68

7

2006 Mar 10-12

25

68

7

Do you [favor/oppose] this strongly, or only moderately?

COMBINED RESPONSES: BASED ON FULL SAMPLE

Strongly
favor

Moderately
favor

Moderately
oppose

Strongly
oppose

No
opinion

2007 Jan 12-14

19%

19

15

44

3

Trends for Comparison:

As you may know, the Bush administration is considering a temporary but significant increase in the number of U.S. troops in Iraq to help stabilize the situation there. Would you favor or oppose this?

Favor

Oppose

No opinion

2007 Jan 5-7

36%

61

3

Would you [favor/oppose] this strongly, or only moderately?

COMBINED RESPONSES: BASED ON FULL SAMPLE

Strongly
favor

Moderately
favor

Moderately
oppose

Strongly
oppose

No
opinion

2007 Jan 5-7

18%

18

19

42

3

Which comes closest to your view -- [ROTATED: the U.S. can only achieve its goals in Iraq if it increases the numbers of troops it has there, the U.S. can achieve its goals in Iraq without sending more troops there, or the U.S. cannot achieve its goals in Iraq regardless of how many troops it has there]?

Can only
achieve by
increasing
number of
troops

Can achieve
without
sending
more troops

Cannot
achieve
goals
regardless
of troop
numbers

No
opinion

2007 Jan 12-14

28%

17

50

4

2007 Jan 5-7

23%

25

47

5

Do you favor or oppose President Bush's plan to spend an additional one billion dollars on economic aid for Iraq?

Favor

Oppose

No opinion

2007 Jan 12-14

30%

67

3

Do you [favor/oppose] this strongly, or only moderately?

COMBINED RESPONSES: BASED ON FULL SAMPLE

Strongly
favor

Moderately
favor

Moderately
oppose

Strongly
oppose

No
opinion

2007 Jan 12-14

12%

18

20

47

3

As you may know, the Democrats in Congress are considering passing a resolution to express their opposition to President Bush's plan to send more U.S. troops to Iraq. This resolution, by itself, would not affect Bush's policy, but the Democrats are hoping it will put pressure on him to change his policy. Do you favor or oppose the Democrats in Congress taking this action?

Favor

Oppose

No opinion

2007 Jan 12-14

61%

37

2

Would you favor or oppose the Democrats in Congress taking active steps to block the deployment of more U.S. troops to Iraq, such as denying the funding needed to send the additional troops?

Favor

Oppose

No opinion

2007 Jan 12-14

47%

50

3

Would you [favor/oppose] this strongly, or only moderately?

COMBINED RESPONSES: BASED ON FULL SAMPLE

Strongly
favor

Moderately
favor

Moderately
oppose

Strongly
oppose

No
opinion

2007 Jan 12-14

33%

14

15

35

3

Now thinking about the benefits to the U.S. of succeeding in Iraq versus the costs the U.S. would have to bear to achieve them, do you think -- [ROTATED: the benefits outweigh the costs, (or) the costs outweigh the benefits]?

Benefits
outweigh costs

Costs outweigh
benefits

No
opinion

2007 Jan 12-14

31%

65

5

2006 Dec 8-10

33%

64

3

When it comes to making policy for handling the situation in Iraq, how much confidence do you have in George W. Bush to recommend the right thing to do in Iraq -- a great deal, a fair amount, only a little, or almost none?

Great
deal

Fair
amount

Only a
little

Almost
none

No
opinion

2007 Jan 12-14

15%

22

17

46

*

* Less than 0.5%

Who do you have more confidence in when it comes to handling the situation in Iraq -- [ROTATED: George W. Bush (or) the Democrats in Congress]?


Bush

Democrats
in Congress

Neither/
Same
(vol.)

No
opinion

2007 Jan 12-14

36%

51

10

2

(vol.) = Volunteered response

As you may know, the Iraqi government has agreed to take responsibility for making the country secure as of November. How confident are you that the Iraqi government will be able to handle that responsibility -- very confident, somewhat confident, not too confident, or not confident at all?

Very
confident

Somewhat
confident

Not too
confident

Not
confident
at all

No
opinion

2007 Jan 12-14

5%

34

34

26

1

Do you think the execution of Saddam Hussein last week will help or hurt the U.S. in its efforts to achieve its goals in Iraq?

Help

Hurt

No
difference
(vol.)

No
opinion

2007 Jan 5-7

43%

36

16

5

How much should U.S. government decisions on Iraq be influenced by what a majority of the American public wants -- a great deal, a moderate amount, not much, or not at all?

Great
deal

Moderate
amount

Not
much

Not
at all

No
opinion

2007 Jan 5-7

36%

38

14

11

1

Just your best guess, do you think the war in Iraq has gone -- [ROTATED: much better than the Bush administration expected, a little better, about as well as it expected, a little worse, (or) much worse than the Bush administration expected]?

Much
better

A little
better

As well as
expected

A little
worse

Much
worse

No
opinion

2007 Jan 5-7

1%

3

13

25

56

1

(Asked of adults who say the war in Iraq has gone worse than expected) How much do you blame [RANDOM ORDER] for the war going worse than expected -- a great deal, a fair amount, not much, or not at all?

2007 Jan 5-7
(sorted by "great deal")

Great
deal

Fair
amount

Not
much

Not
at all

No
opinion

%

%

%

%

%

President George W. Bush

53

27

11

9

1

Iraqi political leaders

41

33

16

6

3

Former Secretary of Defense Donald Rumsfeld

41

31

16

9

3

Vice President Dick Cheney

33

28

22

13

3

The CIA and other U.S. intelligence agencies

26

33

23

12

6

The U.S. news media

24

28

22

24

1

U.S. military leaders in Iraq

13

27

32

26

2

All in all, do you think it was worth going to war in Iraq, or not?

Worth
going to war

Not worth
going to war

No
opinion

%

%

%

2006 Dec 8-10 ^

37

62

1

2006 Mar 10-12 ^

37

60

3

2006 Jan 6-8 ^

46

52

3

2005 Nov 11-13 ^

38

60

2

2005 Sep 12-15

45

53

2

2005 Aug 5-7 ^

44

54

2

2005 Jul 7-10

44

53

3

2005 Jun 29-30

46

52

2

2005 Jun 6-8

42

56

2

2005 Apr 29-May 1

41

57

2

2005 Apr 1-2

45

53

2

2005 Feb 7-10

48

50

2

2005 Jan 3-5

46

52

2

2004 Oct 9-10 ^

44

54

2

2004 Sep 3-5 ^

49

48

3

2004 Aug 23-25 ^

51

46

3

2004 Aug 9-11 ^

49

48

3

2004 Jul 8-11 ^

47

50

3

2004 Jun 21-23 ^

46

51

3

2004 Jun 3-6 ^

46

52

2

2004 May 21-23 ^

45

52

3

2004 May 7-9 ^

44

54

2

2004 May 2-4

50

47

3

2004 Apr 16-18 ^

52

46

2

2004 Apr 5-8

50

47

3

2004 Mar 26-28

56

41

3

2004 Mar 5-7

55

43

2

2004 Jan 29-Feb 1

49

49

2

2004 Jan 9-11

59

38

3

2003 Dec 15-16 ^ †

65

33

2

2003 Dec 14 †‡#

62

33

5

2003 Dec 5-7 †

59

39

2

2003 Nov 14-16 †

56

42

2

2003 Nov 3-5 †

54

44

2

2003 Oct 24-26 †

54

44

2

2003 Oct 6-8 †

55

44

1

2003 Sep 19-21 †

50

48

2

2003 Sep 8-10 †

58

40

2

2003 Aug 25-26 †

63

35

2

2003 Jul 25-27 †

63

34

3

2003 Jul 18-20 †

63

35

2

2003 Jun 27-29 †

56

42

2

2003 Apr 14-16 †‡

73

23

4

2003 Apr 9 †‡#

76

19

5

2003 Apr 7-8 †‡

67

30

3

2003 Mar 24-25 †‡

68

29

3

2003 Jan 3-5 †‡

53

42

5

^ Asked of a half sample

† WORDING: All in all, do you think the situation in Iraq was worth going to war over, or not?

‡ WORDING: All in all, do you think the current situation in Iraq is worth going to war over, or not?

# Polls conducted entirely in one day, such as this one, are subject to additional error or bias not found in polls conducted over several days.

Who do you think is currently winning the war in Iraq -- the U.S. and its allies, the insurgents in Iraq, or neither side?

U.S. and
its allies

Insurgents
in Iraq

Neither
side

No
opinion

%

%

%

%

2006 Dec 8-10 ^

16

17

64

3

2006 Oct 20-22 ^

19

21

58

1

2006 Feb 9-12

31

10

55

4

2005 Dec 16-18 ^

40

9

50

1

2005 Dec 9-11 ^

36

13

49

2

2005 Jun 24-26

34

14

50

2

2005 Feb 25-27

43

7

48

2

2004 Nov 19-21

44

7

46

3

2004 Oct 22-24 ^

35

10

53

2

^ Asked of a half sample

Based on what you have heard or read, do you, personally, think Iraq is -- or is not -- in a state of civil war right now?

Yes, in state of
civil war

No, not state of
civil war

No
opinion

2006 Dec 8-10

76%

22

2

2006 Sep 15-17

72%

25

3

Just your best guess, how much longer do you think the U.S. will have a significant number of troops in Iraq -- less than six months, six months to a year, one to two years, or longer than two years?

Less
than
six months

Six
months
to a year

One to
two years

Longer
than two
years

No
opinion

2006 Dec 8-10

2%

16

38

42

1

How much longer do you think the U.S. should have a significant number of troops in Iraq -- less than six months, six months to a year, one to two years, or longer than two years?

Less
than
six months

Six
months
to a year

One to
two years

Longer
than two
years

With-
draw
all now
(vol.)

No
opinion

2006 Dec 8-10

30%

25

25

14

2

3

(vol.) = Volunteered response

Do you think each of the following will, in the long run, be -- [ROTATED: better off, about the same, or worse off] -- as a result of the war with Iraq? How about -- [RANDOM ORDER]?

2006 Dec 8-10
(sorted by "better off")

Better
off

Same

Worse
off

No
opinion

%

%

%

%

The strength and preparedness of the U.S. military

44

30

23

2

The Iraqi people

38

24

35

2

The war on terrorism

32

30

36

2

The people of the United States

28

36

36

1

Peace and stability in the Middle East

19

37

42

1

Relations between the U.S. and Middle East governments

18

31

49

2

The image of the U.S. around the world

14

25

60

1

How important is it that the United States succeeds in Iraq -- extremely important, very important, somewhat important, or not that important?

Extremely
important

Very
important

Somewhat
important

Not that
important

No
opinion

2006 Dec 8-10

29%

29

23

15

3

As you may know, the Iraq Study Group, a commission co-chaired by James Baker and Lee Hamilton, made a series of recommendations for U.S. policy in Iraq last Wednesday. How closely have you been following the news about this -- very closely, somewhat closely, not too closely, or not at all?

Very
closely

Somewhat
closely

Not too
closely

Not
at all

No
opinion

2006 Dec 8-10

18%

36

28

19

*

* Less than 0.5%

Do you think the Bush administration should or should not implement most of the recommendations made by the Iraq Study Group, or don't you know enough to say?

Yes,
should

No,
should not

Don't know
enough to say

No
answer

2006 Dec 8-10

29%

6

63

1

Do you think the Bush administration will or will not implement most of the recommendations made by the Iraq Study Group?

Yes, will

No, will not

No opinion

2006 Dec 8-10

24%

54

22

Still thinking about Iraq, how much do you trust each of the following to recommend the right thing for the U.S. to do in Iraq -- a great deal, a fair amount, not much, or not at all? [RANDOM ORDER]

2006 Dec 8-10
(sorted by "great deal")

Great
deal

Fair
amount

Not
much

Not
at all

No
opinion

%

%

%

%

%

The U.S. military and defense department

40

41

14

3

1

The Iraq Study Group

20

46

19

7

8

Senator John McCain

19

44

23

6

9

President George W. Bush

18

28

24

28

1

The Democratic leaders in Congress

14

44

26

13

3

The U.S. state department

14

48

26

8

4

Do you think the Bush administration should or should not follow each of these recommendations made by the Iraq Study Group? How about -- [RANDOM ODER]?

A. Negotiate directly with neighboring countries like Iran and Syria on regional security

Yes, should

No, should not

No
opinion

2006 Dec 8-10

72%

23

5

B. Jumpstart peace talks aimed at resolving the Israeli-Palestinian conflict

Yes, should

No, should not

No
opinion

2006 Dec 8-10

76

18

7

C. Withdraw most U.S. combat troops from Iraq by March 2008, leaving only a limited number to help train and advise the Iraqis

Yes, should

No, should not

No
opinion

2006 Dec 8-10

74

22

4

Based on what you have heard or read about the current situation in Iraq, which comes closer to your view -- [ROTATED: the situation in Iraq is out of control and the country is now in a state of chaos and civil war, (or) the situation in Iraq is still under control, even though the country is going through some difficult times]?

Situation is
out of control

Situation is
still in control

No
opinion

2006 Oct 20-22

55%

42

3

Do you consider the war in Iraq to be part of the war on terrorism which began on September 11, 2001, or do you consider it to be an entirely separate military action?

Part of war
on terrorism

Separate
military action

No
opinion

%

%

%

2006 Sep 15-17

48

49

3

2006 Mar 10-12 ^

44

53

3

2005 Dec 16-18

43

55

2

2005 Jun 24-26 ^

47

50

3

2004 Oct 1-3

50

47

3

2004 Jul 19-21 ^

51

47

2

2004 Mar 26-28

50

48

2

2003 Aug 25-26

57

41

2

^ Asked of a half sample

If you had to choose between the following, what should be the primary goal of U.S. foreign policy toward Iraq and other countries in the Middle East -- [ROTATED: to establish stable governments in these countries that are not enemies of the U.S., (or) to establish democratic governments in these countries]?

Establish
stable
governments,
not enemies
of the U.S.

Establish
democratic
governments

No
opinion

2006 Sep 15-17

58%

33

10

Just your best guess, how do you think history will judge the war in Iraq -- [ROTATED: as a complete success, as more of a success than a failure, as more of a failure than a success, (or) as a complete failure]?

Complete
success

More of
a success
than
failure

More of
a failure
than
success

Complete
failure

No
opinion

2006 Sep 15-17

6%

37

32

19

5

Which comes closer to your view -- [ROTATED: Congress should pass a resolution that outlines a plan for withdrawal of U.S. troops from Iraq (or) decisions about withdrawing U.S. troops from Iraq should be left to the president and his advisers]?

Congress
should
outline
a plan

Leave
decision to
president/
advisers

No opinion

2006 Jun 23-25

57%

39

4

Which comes closest to your view about what the U.S. should now do about the number of U.S. troops in Iraq -- [ROTATED: the U.S. should send more troops to Iraq, the U.S. should keep the number of troops as it is now, the U.S. should withdraw some troops from Iraq, (or) the U.S. should withdraw all of its troops from Iraq]?

Send
more
troops

Keep as
it is now

With-
draw
some
troops

With-
draw
all
troops

No
opinion

%

%

%

%

%

2006 Apr 7-9

8

25

36

28

3

2006 Feb 28-Mar 1

9

23

38

27

3

2005 Dec 9-11

9

25

38

26

2

2005 Sep 16-18

8

26

33

30

3

2005 Aug 28-30

19

26

27

26

2

2005 Aug 5-7

13

28

23

33

3

2005 Jun 6-8

10

26

31

28

5

2005 Feb 4-6

10

38

32

17

3

2005 Jan 14-16

24

26

21

25

4

2004 Sep 24-26

21

35

21

18

5

2004 Jun 3-6

18

30

23

27

2

2004 May 7-9

25

24

18

29

4

2004 Apr 16-18

33

25

16

21

5

2004 Apr 5-8

20

29

18

28

5

2004 Jan 2-5

11

40

29

16

4

2003 Dec 15-16

14

40

27

15

4

2003 Dec 5-7

22

33

25

17

3

2003 Nov 3-5 ^

17

32

29

19

3

2003 Oct 24-26 ^

14

27

39

18

2

2003 Aug 25-26 ^

15

36

32

14

3

^ WORDING: Which comes closest to your view about what the U.S. should now do about the number of U.S. troops in Iraq -- [ROTATED: the U.S. should send more troops to Iraq, the U.S. should keep the number of troops as it is now, the U.S. should begin to withdraw some troops from Iraq, (or) the U.S. should withdraw all of its troops from Iraq]?

Which do you think is more likely to happen in Iraq -- [ROTATED: the situation will turn into chaos and civil war, (or) the Iraqi people will be able to establish a stable government]?

Chaos/
Civil war

Establish
stable
government

No
opinion

2006 Mar 10-12

55%

40

5

How long do you think the United States troops will have to remain in Iraq--for less than a year, one to two years, two to five years, or will U.S. troops have to stay in Iraq for longer than five years?

Less
than
a year

One-two
years

Two-five
years

Longer
than five
years

No
opinion

2006 Mar 10-12

9%

23

37

26

5

Do you think the United States action in the Iraq is morally justified, or not?

Yes, is

No, is not

No opinion

2006 Mar 10-12

47%

50

2

2003 Mar 29-30

73%

24

3

Do you think Saddam Hussein was personally involved in the September 11th terrorist attacks, or not?

Yes, was
involved

No,
was not

No
opinion

%

%

%

2006 Mar 10-12 ^

39

54

7

2004 Oct 1-3 ^

42

53

5

2004 Jun 21-23 ^

44

51

5

2003 Dec 15-16 ^

53

42

5

2003 Sep 19-21

43

50

7

2003 Mar 14-15 ^

51

41

8

2002 Aug 19-21 ^

53

34

13

^ Asked of a half sample

Which of the following statements best describes your view of whether Iraq had weapons of mass destruction or programs to develop them just before the war began -- [ROTATED: you are certain that Iraq had weapons of mass destruction, you think that Iraq had these weapons but you have some doubt, you think that Iraq might have had these weapons but you have a lot of doubt, (or) you are certain that Iraq did not have weapons of mass destruction]?

Certain
had
weapons

Think
had
weapons,
some
doubt

Might
have had
weapons,
a lot of
doubt

Certain
did not
have
weapons

No
opinion

2006 Mar 10-12 ^

29%

28

22

19

2

2003 Jan 10-12 †

41%

45

10

1

3

^ Asked of a half sample

† WORDING: Which of the following statements best describes your view of whether Iraq has weapons of mass destruction or programs to develop them -- [ROTATED: you are certain that Iraq has weapons of mass destruction, you think that Iraq has these weapons but you have some doubt, you think that Iraq might have these weapons but you have a lot of doubt, (or) you are certain that Iraq does not have weapons of mass destruction]?

Has the U.S. involvement in the war against Iraq had a positive or negative effect on you personally, or hasn't it had much effect on you?

[ASKED OF A HALF SAMPLE]

Positive
effect

Negative
effect

Not much
effect

No
opinion

2006 Mar 10-12

14%

39

45

1

2004 Jan 2-5

24%

25

51

*

2003 Oct 24-26 ^

20%

25

55

*

2003 Apr 22-23

37%

16

45

2

* Less than 0.5%

^ Rotated with question that asks about effect of Iraq war on United States

Do you think that U.S. involvement in the war against Iraq has had a positive effect on life in the United States generally, a negative effect on life in the United States, or hasn't it had much effect on life in the United States generally?

[ASKED OF A HALF SAMPLE]

Positive
effect

Negative
effect

Not much
effect

No
opinion

2006 Mar 10-12

21%

58

18

3

2004 Jan 2-5

39%

35

25

1

2003 Oct 24-26 ^

32%

33

33

2

2003 Apr 22-23

52%

18

29

1

^ Rotated with question that asks about effect of Iraq war on personal life

In your opinion, in the long run, will Iraq be -- [ROTATED: much better off, somewhat better off, somewhat worse off, (or) much worse off] -- than before the U.S. and British invasion?

Much
better
off

Some-
what
better
off

Some-
what
worse
off

Much
worse
off

Same
(vol.)

No
opinion

2006 Mar 10-12 ^

30%

38

18

8

2

3

(vol.) = Volunteered response

^ Asked of a half sample

Since the war in Iraq began in 2003, have you, personally, done any of the following, or not? How about -- [RANDOM ORDER]?

2006 Mar 10-12
(sorted by "yes")

Yes

No

No
opin-
ion

%

%

%

Prayed for those affected by the war

87

13

*

Displayed a yellow ribbon on your car or property to show support
for the troops

51

49

--

Cried because of something related to the war

50

50

*

Sent letters, e-mails or care packages to any U.S. troops in Iraq

43

57

--

Voted for or against a political candidate mainly because
of your views on the war

36

64

1

Attended a funeral or memorial service for Americans who died in Iraq

17

83

*

Publicly opposed the war by participating in a demonstration or writing
to a public official

13

87

*

Publicly supported the war by participating in a demonstration or writing
to a public official

11

89

*

* Less than 0.5%

Just your best guess, do you think it is likely or unlikely that there will be a major civil war involving ethnic or religious groups in Iraq in the next year?

Likely

Unlikely

Already
occurring
(vol.)

No
opinion

2006 Feb 28-Mar 1

73%

20

2

5

(vol.) = Volunteered response

How closely have you been following the news about last week's bombings of major religious buildings in Iraq and the violence that followed -- very closely, somewhat closely, not too closely, or not at all?

Very
closely

Somewhat
closely

Not too
closely

Not
at all

No
opinion

2006 Feb 28-Mar 1

25%

45

19

11

*

* Less than 0.5%

Just your best guess, how much longer do you think the U.S. will have a significant number of troops in Iraq -- less than three months, three to six months, six months to a year, one to three years, or longer than three years?

Less
than
three
months

Three-
six
months

Six
months
to a
year

One-
three
years

Longer
than
three
years

No
opinion

2006 Jan 20-22

1%

2

14

47

33

2

2005 Dec 16-18

1%

3

13

53

29

1

As you may know, the Iraqi people voted to elect a new government last month, and now the new government is in the process of being formed. Suppose the new government in Iraq is composed mainly of Muslim religious leaders. If that is the case, do you think the U.S. war in Iraq will have been a success or a failure?

Success

Failure

No opinion

2006 Jan 20-22

49%

37

14

Would you consider it a failure primarily because you think those leaders would be hostile to the United States, or would you mainly consider it a failure for other reasons?

[BASED ON ADULTS WHO SAY THE WAR IN IRAQ WOULD BE A FAILURE IF THE NEW IRAQI GOVERNMENT IS COMPOSED MAINLY OF MUSLIM RELIGIOUS LEADERS]

Hostile to U.S.

Other reasons

No opinion

2006 Jan 20-22

36%

60

4

If you had to choose, which do you think is better for the U.S. -- [ROTATED: to set a timetable for removing troops from Iraq and remove them regardless of whether the U.S. goals are achieved by that time, (or) to keep a significant number of troops in Iraq until the U.S. achieves its goals there, regardless of how long that takes]?

Set timetable
for removing
troops

Keep troops
in Iraq until
achieve goals

No
opinion

2006 Jan 6-8

49%

47

4

If you had to choose, which do you think is better for the U.S. -- [ROTATED: to set a timetable for removing troops from Iraq and remove them regardless of whether the U.S. goals are achieved by that time, (or) to keep a significant number of troops in Iraq until the U.S. achieves its goals there, regardless of how long that takes]? Do you think the U.S. should withdraw all its troops within six months, or should the U.S. keeps troops there longer than that?

[COMBINED RESPONSES]

2006 Jan 6-8

%

Set timetable for removing troops from Iraq

49

(Remove troops in six months)

(28)

(Remove longer than that)

(21)

Keep troops in Iraq until U.S. achieves its goals

47

No opinion

4

Do you think that, within the next 12 months, there will -- or will not -- be a stable democratic government in Iraq that can maintain order in the country without assistance from U.S. troops?

Yes, will

No, will not

No opinion

2006 Jan 6-8 ^

19%

75

6

^ Asked of a half sample

Do you think that, eventually, there will -- or will not -- be a stable democratic government in Iraq that can maintain order in the country without assistance from U.S. troops?

Yes, will

No, will not

No opinion

2006 Jan 6-8 ^

46%

46

7

^ Asked of a half sample

Do you think George W. Bush does -- or does not -- have a plan that will achieve victory for the United States in Iraq?

Yes, does

No, does not

No opinion

2005 Dec 16-18

42%

56

2

2005 Dec 9-11

38%

58

4

2005 Nov 30 ^

41%

55

4

^ Polls conducted entirely in one day are subject to additional error or bias not found in polls conducted over several days.

Just your best guess, do you think each of the following is likely -- or unlikely -- to happen in Iraq in the next few years? How about -- [RANDOM ORDER]?

A. Iraq will have a democratic government that will not be overthrown by terrorists or supporters of Saddam Hussein

Likely

Unlikely

No opinion

2005 Dec 16-18

50%

47

3

2005 Nov 30 ^

47%

49

4

^ Polls conducted entirely in one day are subject to additional error or bias not found in polls conducted over several days.

B. Iraqi military and police will be able to ensure safety and security in Iraq without assistance from the United States

Likely

Unlikely

No opinion

2005 Dec 16-18

37%

62

1

2005 Nov 30 ^

44%

54

2

^ Polls conducted entirely in one day are subject to additional error or bias not found in polls conducted over several days.

C. Iraq will be able to prevent terrorists from using the country as a base of operations for planning attacks against the United States

Likely

Unlikely

No opinion

2005 Dec 16-18

35%

63

2

2005 Nov 30 ^

33%

63

4

^ Polls conducted entirely in one day are subject to additional error or bias not found in polls conducted over several days.

How much longer do you think the U.S. should have a significant number of troops in Iraq -- less than three months, three to six months, six months to a year, one to three years, or longer than three years?

Less
than
three
months^

Three-
six
months

Six
months
to a
year

One-
three
years

Longer
than
three
years

No
opinion

2005 Dec 16-18

21%

14

24

29

9

3

^ The 21% of respondents mentioning "less than three months" includes 1% that volunteered that U.S. troops should be withdrawn from Iraq now.

Which comes closest to your views about what the recent election in Iraq means for the United States -- [ROTATED: it is the key step that ensures the U.S. will achieve its goals in Iraq, it is a major step toward the U.S. achieving its goals, it is a minor step toward the U.S. achieving its goals, (or) it will not help the U.S. achieve its goals in Iraq]?

Key
step

Major
step

Minor
step

Will not
help

No
opinion

2005 Dec 16-18

12%

38

29

19

2

As you may know, it has been reported that a firm working for the U.S. government secretly paid Iraqi newspapers to publish stories favorable to the United States. Do you think it is appropriate -- or inappropriate -- for the U.S. government to do this?

Appropriate

Inappropriate

No opinion

2005 Dec 16-18

24%

72

4

If the story that the U.S. government paid Iraqi journalists were true, how much would this bother you -- [ROTATED: a great deal, a fair amount, not much, or not at all]?

Great
deal

Fair
amount

Not
much

Not
at all

No
opinion

2005 Dec 16-18

39%

24

20

16

1

Do you think the United States will -- or will not -- be able to establish a stable democratic government in Iraq?

Yes, will

No, will not

No opinion

%

%

%

2005 Dec 9-11

41

55

4

2005 Oct 21-23

40

56

4

2005 Jul 22-24

37

58

5

2004 Nov 19-21

46

49

5

2004 Apr 16-18

37

57

6

Now thinking about the past two years, do you think Iraq has made real progress toward establishing a democratic government, or don't you think Iraq has made any progress in this area?

Yes, has made
real progress

No, not made
real progress

No
opinion

2005 Dec 9-11

63%

34

3

How closely have you been following the news about the upcoming election in Iraq -- very closely, somewhat closely, not too closely, or not closely at all?

Very
closely

Some-
what
closely

Not too
closely

Not
closely
at all

No
opinion

2005 Dec 9-11

15%

43

28

14

*

* Less than 0.5%

Do you think the election will be a turning point leading to a significant improvement in security and stability for Iraq, will the election lead to more violence, or will the election not have much effect on the security and stability in Iraq?

Significant
improvement

Lead to
more
violence

Not have
much effect

No
opinion

2005 Dec 9-11

31%

27

37

5

Suppose a democratic government is formed in Iraq in the next few months. Do you think that government will -- or will not -- be able to do each of the following? How about -- [RANDOM ORDER]?

2005 Dec 9-11
(sorted by "Yes, will")

Yes,
will

No,
will not

No
opinion

%

%

%

Make daily life better for the average Iraqi

68

29

3

Speed up the withdrawal of U.S. troops from Iraq

61

36

3

Make it harder for terrorists to establish a base of operations in Iraq

54

44

2

Help the U.S. achieve its goals in other countries in the region

45

51

4

End insurgent attacks against U.S. and Iraqi forces

29

67

4

Do you feel that you have a clear idea of what the war in Iraq is all about -- that is, what we are fighting for?

Yes

No

No opinion

War with Iraq

%

%

%

2005 Sep 16-18

67

33

*

2004 Oct 22-24

70

28

2

2003 Mar 29-30

81

18

1

War on terrorism

2001 Nov 2-4

89

10

1

Involvement in Iraq

1998 Feb 20-22

75

23

2

Persian Gulf War

1991 Jul 18-21

81

18

1

1990 Dec 13-16

74

24

2

1990 Nov 29-Dec 2

73

27

*

1990 Nov 15-18

69

29

2

1990 Sep 27-30

75

23

2

1990 Aug 30-Sep 2

76

23

1

1990 Aug 23-26

70

28

2

1990 Aug 16-19

75

24

1

Vietnam War

1967 May 11-16

49

48

3

World War II

1944 Mar 31-Apr 4

59

41

--

1942 Dec 4-9

68

32

--

1942 Nov 21-26

73

27

--

* Less than 0.5%

Please tell me whether you think each of the following is very likely, somewhat likely, somewhat unlikely, or very unlikely to happen in Iraq in the next YEAR. [ITEMS A-C ROTATED, ITEM D READ LAST]

[ASKED OF A HALF SAMPLE]

A. Peace and internal security will be established

Very
likely

Some-
what
likely

Some-
what
unlikely

Very
unlikely

No
opinion

2005 Aug 28-30 ^

4%

26

22

47

1

2005 Feb 4-6

9%

29

25

36

1

2005 Jan 7-9

6%

22

23

48

1

2004 May 21-23 ^

7%

22

25

44

2

^ Asked of a half sample

B. A democratic form of government will be established

Very
likely

Some-
what
likely

Some-
what
unlikely

Very
unlikely

No
opinion

2005 Aug 28-30 ^

11%

37

23

28

1

2005 Feb 4-6

23%

41

17

18

1

2005 Jan 7-9

15%

32

23

29

1

2004 May 21-23 ^

12%

30

23

32

3

^ Asked of a half sample

C. The Iraqi government will be friendly to the United States

Very
likely

Some-
what
likely

Some-
what
unlikely

Very
unlikely

No
opinion

2005 Aug 28-30 ^

12%

42

18

27

1

^ Asked of a half sample

D. U.S. military casualties in Iraq will continue at the same rate or a higher rate than now

Very
likely

Some-
what
likely

Some-
what
unlikely

Very
unlikely

No
opinion

2005 Aug 28-30 ^

42%

40

11

5

2

^ Asked of a half sample

Please tell me whether you think each of the following is very likely, somewhat likely, somewhat unlikely, or very unlikely to happen in Iraq in the long run. [RANDOM ORDER]

[ASKED OF A HALF SAMPLE]

A. Peace and internal security will be established

Very
likely

Some-
what
likely

Some-
what
unlikely

Very
unlikely

No
opinion

2005 Aug 28-30 ^

8%

35

26

30

1

^ Asked of a half sample

B. A democratic form of government will be established

Very
likely

Some-
what
likely

Some-
what
unlikely

Very
unlikely

No
opinion

2005 Aug 28-30 ^

13%

42

23

20

2

^ Asked of a half sample

C. The Iraqi government will be friendly to the United States

Very
likely

Some-
what
likely

Some-
what
unlikely

Very
unlikely

No
opinion

2005 Aug 28-30 ^

10%

43

23

23

1

^ Asked of a half sample

If you could talk with President Bush for fifteen minutes about the situation in Iraq, what would you, personally, advise him to do? [OPEN-ENDED]

2005 Aug 22-25

%

Pull the troops out and come home/end it

41

Finish what was started/be more aggressive

18

Doing a good job/continue with your actions

7

Come up with and execute a well thought out exit strategy

6

Get them trained and let them run their own country

6

Build up the military/send more troops

4

Keep the public informed/be honest/explain actions

3

Join in and work with the United Nations

3

Admit to past mistakes/apologize

3

Take care of our own problems

1

Work with and improve advisory board

1

Improve the homeland security

*

Other

6

Nothing

16

No opinion

8

Percentages add to more than 100% due to multiple responses.

Do you think the war with Iraq will make the U.S. safer -- or less safe -- from terrorism in the long run?

Safer

Less safe

No change
(vol.)

No opinion

2005 Aug 5-7 ^

42%

48

8

2

(vol.) = Volunteered response

^ Based on a half sample

Which comes closer to your view -- [ROTATED: the U.S. and its allies are making progress in Iraq, (or) the U.S. and its allies are losing ground to the insurgents in Iraq]?

Making progress

Losing ground

No opinion

2005 Jun 29-30

58%

34

8

How would you rate the job the Bush administration is doing in providing the proper number of troops and right equipment needed to prevent unnecessary casualties in Iraq? Would you say they are doing -- [ROTATED: a very good job, a good job, a poor job, (or) a very poor job]?

Very
good job

Good
job

Poor
job

Very
poor job

No
opinion

2005 Jun 29-30

10%

45

29

13

3

Do you think it was -- or was not -- necessary for the United States to invade Iraq in 2003 in order to prevent additional acts of terrorism in the U.S?

Yes, was
necessary

No, was
not

No
opinion

2005 Jun 29-30

46%

51

3

Thinking about the current situation, do you think it is -- or is not -- necessary for the United States to keep its troops in Iraq NOW in order to prevent additional acts of terrorism in the U.S.?

Yes, is
necessary

No,
is not

No
opinion

2005 Jun 29-30

55%

41

4

If the United States pulled its troops out of Iraq before things stabilize there, do you think that would -- [ROTATED: do more harm than good to the U.S., (or) do more good than harm to the U.S.]?

More harm
than good

More good
than harm

No
opinion

2005 Jun 29-30

64%

28

8

If the United States pulled its troops out of Iraq before things stabilize there, do you think that would -- [ROTATED: do more harm than good to the U.S., (or) do more good than harm to the U.S.]? Do you think that would do much more harm, or only a little more harm? Do you think that would do much more good, or only a little more good?

[COMBINED RESPONSES]

Much
more
harm
than
good

Only a
little
more
harm

Only a
little
more
good

Much
more
good
than
harm

No
opinion

2005 Jun 29-30

42%

22

17

17

19

How important is it for the United States that Iraq has a stable government that is not an enemy of the U.S.? Would you say it is -- extremely important, very important, somewhat important, or not important?

Extremely
important

Very
important

Somewhat
important

Not
important

No
opinion

2005 Jun 24-26

33%

35

25

6

1

Do you think the United States will -- or will not -- ever be able to establish a stable government in Iraq that will allow the U.S. to withdraw its troops from Iraq?

Yes, will

No, will not

No opinion

2005 Jun 24-26

49%

45

6

Do you approve or disapprove of the United States' decision to go to war with Iraq in March 2003?

Approve

Disapprove

No opinion

%

%

%

2004 Dec 17-19

48

51

1

2004 Jan 2-5

63

35

2

2003 Dec 15-16 ^

61

37

2

2003 Dec 5-7 ^

60

39

1

^ WORDING: Do you approve or disapprove of the United States' decision to go to war with Iraq in March of this year?

Do you approve or disapprove of the way the U.S. has handled the situation in Iraq in the past few months?

Approve

Disapprove

No opinion

2004 Dec 17-19

39%

58

3

Trends for Comparison: Do you approve or disapprove of the way the U.S. has handled the situation with Iraq since the major fighting ended in April 2003?

Approve

Disapprove

No opinion

%

%

%

2004 Jan 2-5

60

38

2

2003 Dec 15-16 ^

65

34

1

2003 Dec 5-7 ^

46

51

3

2003 Nov 14-16 †

42

55

3

2003 Oct 24-26 †

47

50

3

2003 Apr 22-23 † ‡

80

18

2

^ WORDING: Do you approve or disapprove of the way the U.S. has handled the situation with Iraq since the major fighting ended in April?

† WORDING: Do you approve or disapprove of the way the U.S. has handled the situation with Iraq since the major fighting ended?

‡ Based on a half sample

Would you favor or oppose invading Iraq with U.S. ground troops in an attempt to remove Saddam Hussein from power?

Favor

Oppose

No opinion

%

%

%

2003 Mar 14-15 ^

64

33

3

2003 Mar 3-5

59

37

4

2003 Feb 24-26

59

37

4

2003 Feb 17-19

59

38

3

2003 Feb 7-9

63

34

3

2003 Jan 31-Feb 2

58

38

4

2003 Jan 23-25

52

43

5

2003 Jan 10-12

56

38

6

2003 Jan 3-5 ^

56

39

5

2002 Dec 19-22 ^

53

38

9

2002 Dec 16-17 ^

58

35

7

2002 Dec 9-10

55

39

6

2002 Nov 22-24

58

37

5

2002 Nov 8-10

59

35

6

2002 Oct 21-22

54

40

6

2002 Oct 14-17 ^

56

37

7

2002 Oct 3-6

53

40

7

2002 Sep 20-22 ^

57

38

5

2002 Sep 13-16 †

57

39

4

2002 Sep 5-8 ^ †

58

36

6

2002 Sep 2-4 †

58

36

6

2002 Aug 19-21 †

53

41

6

2002 Jun 17-19 ^ †

61

31

8

2001 Nov 26-27 ‡

74

20

6

2001 Feb 19-21 ‡

52

42

6

1993 Jun 29-30 ‡

70

27

3

1992 Mar 30-Apr 5 ‡ #

55

40

5

^ Asked of half sample

† WORDING: Would you favor or oppose sending American ground troops to the Persian Gulf in an attempt to remove Saddam Hussein from power in Iraq?

‡ WORDING: Would you favor or oppose sending American troops back to the Persian Gulf in order to remove Saddam Hussein from power in Iraq?

# Life Magazine/Gallup

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