In Depth: Topics A to Z

Media Use and Evaluation

Trend: How Much Trust and Confidence Do You Have in the Mass Media?

Trend: How Much Trust and Confidence Do You Have in the Mass Media?

Trend: Thinking about various sources of news available today, what would you say in your main source of news about current events in the U.S. and around the world? (Open-ended)

Trend: Now I am going to read you a list of institutions in American society. Please tell me how much confidence you, yourself, have in each one -- a great deal, quite a lot, some, or very little? Newspapers

Trend: Now I am going to read you a list of institutions in American society. Please tell me how much confidence you, yourself, have in each one -- a great deal, quite a lot, some, or very little? Television news

Trend: In general, do you think the news media are -- [ROTATED: too liberal, just about right, or too conservative]?

Trend: Now I am going to read you a list of institutions in American society. Please tell me how much confidence you, yourself, have in each one -- a great deal, quite a lot, some, or very little? News on the Internet

As you may know, the information about the government program was leaked to The Guardian and Washington Post newspapers by a former U.S. government contractor. Do you think it was right or wrong for the newspapers to publish that information?

As you may know, a former U.S. government contractor named Edward Snowden has claimed to be the source of the information about the government program reported in The Guardian and Washington Post newspapers. Do you think it was right or wrong for him to share that information?

In its coverage of Barack Obama and his administration so far, do you think the news media has been too tough, about right, or not tough enough?

Too tough

About right

Not tough
enough

No
opinion

2009 Jan 30-Feb 1

11%

48

38

3

(Asked of those who think news media is not being tough enough) How concerned are you that the news media will not fulfill its duties of providing oversight to the public about what the administration is doing -- very concerned, somewhat concerned, not too concerned, or not concerned at all]?

BASED ON THOSE WHO THINK THE NEWS MEDIA ARE NOT BEING TOUGH ENOUGH ON THE OBAMA ADMINISTRATION

Very
concerned

Somewhat
concerned

Not too
concerned

Not
at all

No
opinion

2009 Jan 30-Feb 1

61%

24

9

5

*

* Less than 0.5%

Please indicate how often you get your news from each of the following sources -- every day, several times a week, occasionally, or never. How about -- [RANDOM ORDER]?

Local newspapers in your area

Every
day

Several
times a week

Occasion-
ally

Never

No
opinion

%

%

%

%

%

2008 Dec 4-7

40

13

27

20

*

2006 Dec 11-14

44

13

28

14

*

2004 Dec 5-8

44

14

27

15

*

2002 Dec 5-8

47

13

26

14

*

1999 Jul 22-25

54

14

21

10

1

1998 Jul 13-14

53

15

22

10

--

1998 Mar 6-9 ^

50

12

26

11

1

^ Asked of a half sample

National newspapers such as the New York Times, the Wall Street Journal and USA Today

Every
day

Several
times a week

Occasion-
ally

Never

No
opinion

2008 Dec 4-7

9

6

24

60

*

2006 Dec 11-14

7

6

23

62

*

2004 Dec 5-8

7

4

27

62

*

2002 Dec 5-8

11

5

26

58

--

1999 Jul 22-25

9

7

30

54

*

1998 Jul 13-14

4

11

26

59

--

1998 Mar 6-9 ^

8

6

28

57

1

* Less than 0.5%

^ Asked of a half sample

Nightly network news programs on ABC, CBS or NBC

Every
day

Several
times a week

Occasion-
ally

Never

No
opinion

2008 Dec 4-7

34

14

28

23

*

2006 Dec 11-14

35

16

30

19

--

2006 Apr 7-9

45

19

21

15

*

2004 Dec 5-8

36

16

26

22

*

2002 Dec 5-8

43

16

25

15

1

1999 Jul 22-25

52

18

22

8

--

1998 Jul 13-14

55

19

19

7

*

1998 Mar 6-9

56

19

17

7

1

1995 Aug 11-14

62

20

15

3

*

* Less than 0.5%

Morning news and interview programs on the national TV networks

Every
day

Several
times a week

Occasion-
ally

Never

No
opinion

2008 Dec 4-7

29

10

26

35

*

2006 Dec 11-14

28

11

26

35

*

2006 Apr 7-9 ^

29

11

26

33

1

2004 Dec 5-8

27

12

25

36

*

2002 Dec 5-8

29

10

26

34

1

1999 Jul 22-25

32

11

29

28

*

1998 Jul 13-14

25

13

27

35

*

1998 Mar 6-9

25

13

24

37

1

1995 Aug 11-14

23

13

34

30

--

* Less than 0.5%

^ WORDING: Morning news and interview programs on the national TV networks such as Good Morning America or the Today show

Cable news networks such as CNN, Fox News Channel and MSNBC

Every
day

Several
times a week

Occasion-
ally

Never

No
opinion

2008 Dec 4-7

40

16

27

16

*

2006 Dec 11-14

34

16

30

20

*

2004 Dec 5-8

39

16

25

20

*

2002 Dec 5-8

41

15

26

18

*

1999 Jul 22-25 ^

29

22

32

17

*

1998 Jul 13-14 ^

21

16

33

29

1

1998 Mar 6-9 ^

22

16

34

27

1

1995 Aug 11-14 ^

23

20

36

21

--

* Less than 0.5%

^ WORDING: CNN News or CNN Headline News

Public television news

Every
day

Several
times a week

Occasion-
ally

Never

No
opinion

2008 Dec 4-7

28

11

30

31

*

2006 Dec 11-14

28

12

30

30

*

2004 Dec 5-8

27

11

28

33

1

2002 Dec 5-8

35

12

29

24

*

1999 Jul 22-25

30

12

33

24

1

1998 Jul 13-14

16

9

33

40

2

1998 Mar 6-9

19

10

32

37

2

1995 Aug 11-14

23

15

39

22

1

* Less than 0.5%

Local television news from TV stations in your area

Every
day

Several
times a week

Occasion-
ally

Never

No
opinion

2008 Dec 4-7

51

13

23

13

*

2006 Dec 11-14

55

14

23

8

*

2004 Dec 5-8

51

19

19

11

*

2002 Dec 5-8

57

16

18

9

*

1999 Jul 22-25

58

14

19

9

*

1998 Jul 13-14

57

15

19

9

*

1998 Mar 6-9

56

17

17

9

1

1995 Aug 11-14

55

18

20

7

--

* Less than 0.5%

National Public Radio

Every
day

Several
times a week

Occasion-
ally

Never

No
opinion

2008 Dec 4-7

18

9

27

46

*

2006 Dec 11-14

19

8

28

45

*

2004 Dec 5-8

17

12

25

46

*

2002 Dec 5-8

22

9

28

40

1

1999 Jul 22-25

17

10

32

41

*

1998 Jul 13-14

15

12

25

47

1

1998 Mar 6-9

20

10

26

43

1

1995 Aug 11-14

18

11

36

35

--

* Less than 0.5%

Radio talk shows

Every
day

Several
times a week

Occasion-
ally

Never

No
opinion

2008 Dec 4-7

18

10

28

43

*

2006 Dec 11-14

20

9

27

44

*

2004 Dec 5-8

21

12

25

42

--

2002 Dec 5-8

22

10

29

39

*

1999 Jul 22-25

12

8

33

47

*

1998 Jul 13-14

12

9

21

58

*

1998 Mar 6-9

11

5

25

58

1

1995 Aug 11-14

12

5

35

48

--

* Less than 0.5%

News on the Internet

Every
day

Several
times a
week

Occasion-
ally

Never

No
opinion

2008 Dec 4-7

31

11

22

35

*

2006 Dec 11-14

22

11

24

43

*

2004 Dec 5-8

20

6

25

49

*

2002 Dec 5-8

15

8

27

50

*

1999 Jul 22-25 ^

8

7

23

62

*

1998 Jul 13-14 ^

7

6

17

70

*

1998 Mar 6-9 ^

5

6

18

70

1

1995 Aug 11-14 ^

3

3

12

82

--

^ WORDING: News on the computer using the Internet or an online computer service

* Less than 0.5%

And how often do you get your news from each of the following WEEKLY sources of news: every week, several times a month, occasionally, or never. How about -- [ITEMS READ IN ORDER]?

Weekly newsmagazines

Every
week

Several
times a
month

Occasion-
ally

Never

No
opinion

%

%

%

%

%

2008 Dec 4-7

8

3

20

68

*

2006 Dec 11-14

12

6

18

64

*

2004 Dec 5-8

11

4

21

64

*

2002 Dec 5-8

12

5

20

63

*

1998 Jul 13-14

15

6

27

52

--

1998 Mar 6-9

13

6

26

54

1

1995 Aug 11-14

14

5

30

51

--

* Less than 0.5%

Television news programs on Sunday mornings

Every
week

Several
times a
month

Occasion-
ally

Never

No
opinion

2008 Dec 4-7

21

6

21

53

*

2006 Dec 11-14

19

5

26

50

*

2004 Dec 5-8

18

7

22

53

*

2002 Dec 5-8

18

5

25

52

*

1998 Jul 13-14

17

6

27

50

--

1998 Mar 6-9

18

5

27

49

1

1995 Aug 11-14

16

5

32

47

--

* Less than 0.5%

TV news magazine shows during the evenings -- such as "60 Minutes," "20/20," "Dateline," and others

Every
week

Several
times a
month

Occasion-
ally

Never

No
opinion

2008 Dec 4-7

17

11

40

31

*

2006 Dec 11-14

20

12

45

23

*

2004 Dec 5-8

19

11

44

26

*

2002 Dec 5-8

23

12

45

20

--

1998 Jul 13-14 ^

30

14

42

14

*

1998 Mar 6-9 ^

30

15

42

12

1

1995 Aug 11-14 ^

33

15

43

9

--

^ WORDING: TV news magazine shows during the evening, such as "60 Minutes," "20/20," "Prime Time Live," "Dateline," and others

* Less than 0.5%

(Asked of a half sample) In general, do you think the national news media are -- [ROTATED: too liberal, just about right, or too conservative]?

Too
liberal

Just
about right

Too
conservative

No
opinion

2007 Sep 14-16

42%

38

16

3

(Asked of a half sample) In general, do you think the local news media in your area are -- [ROTATED: too liberal, just about right, or too conservative]?

Too
liberal

Just
about right

Too
conservative

No
opinion

2007 Sep 14-16

25%

56

16

3

As you may know, "citizen journalism" is the process by which people use technology such as cell phone cameras, video recorders, and Internet websites to post pictures, stories and videos of news events they encounter. Do you think citizen journalism is likely to be more reliable or less reliable than the traditional news media?

More
reliable

Less
reliable

Same
(vol.)

No
opinion

2007 Jan 5-7

45%

48

3

5

(vol.) = Volunteered response

Do you, personally, have any concerns about the accuracy of reports made by citizen journalists, or not?

Yes, have
concerns

No,
do not

No
opinion

2007 Jan 5-7

62%

35

3

Do you, personally, have any concerns about the accuracy of reports made by traditional journalists, or not?

Yes, have
concerns

No,
do not

No
opinion

2007 Jan 5-7

61%

38

1

How likely is it that you, personally, would ever participate in citizen journalism -- very likely, somewhat likely, not too likely, or not at all likely?

Very
likely

Somewhat
likely

Not too
likely

Not at all
likely

No
opinion

2007 Jan 5-7

8%

16

34

41

*

* Less than 0.5%

Do you think the news media should -- or should not -- report information it obtains about the secret methods the government is using to fight terrorism?

Yes, should

No, should not

No opinion

2006 May 12-13

47%

49

3

As you may know, Katie Couric is leaving the Today show on NBC to become the lead anchor for the CBS Evening News.

Will this make you more likely to watch CBS Evening News, less likely, or will it make no difference to you?

More
likely

Less
likely

No
difference

No
opinion

2006 Apr 7-9

10%

9

81

*

* Less than 0.5%

As you may know, Meredith Vieira, a host of The View and Who Wants to be a Millionaire, has been named as the replacement for Katie Couric on the Today show.

Will this make you more likely to watch the Today show, less likely, or will it make no difference to you?

More
likely

Less
likely

No difference

No
opinion

2006 Apr 7-9

7%

6

87

*

* Less than 0.5%

Please rate how much you think you can believe each person I name on a scale of 4 to 1, where '4' means you can believe all or most of what the person says and '1' means you believe almost nothing of what they say. How would you rate the believability of -- [RANDOM ORDER] -- on this scale of 4 to 1?

2005 Feb 25-27
(sorted by "believe all/most")

Believe
all/most
4

3

2

Believe
almost
nothing
1

Never
heard of
(vol.)

No
opinion

Peter Jennings of ABC World News Tonight

31%

37

19

8

1

4

Dan Rather of the CBS Evening News

23%

29

25

19

1

3

Brian Williams of NBC Nightly News

21%

36

20

5

9

9

(vol.) = Volunteered response

Generally speaking, do you think Dan Rather's news broadcasts are -- [ROTATED: too liberal, about right, or too conservative]?

[BASED ON 526 NATIONAL ADULTS IN FORM A]

Too
liberal

About
right

Too
conservative

No
opinion

2005 Feb 25-27

35%

37

13

15

Generally speaking, do you think most news anchors' broadcasts are -- [ROTATED: too liberal, about right, or too conservative]?

[BASED ON 482 NATIONAL ADULTS IN FORM B]

Too
liberal

About
right

Too conservative

No
opinion

2005 Feb 25-27

42%

28

25

5

In general, do you think -- [ROTATED: news organizations get the facts straight, (or do you think) news organizations' stories and reports are often inaccurate]?

Facts straight

Often inaccurate

No opinion

%

%

%

2003 May 19-21

36

62

2

2003 Feb 17-19

39

58

3

2000 Dec 2-4

32

65

3

1998 Jul 13-14 ^

50

45

5

1989 Aug 9-28 ^

54

44

2

1988 Aug 24 ^

40

50

10

1988 May 13 ^

48

43

9

1988 Jan 8-17 ^

44

48

8

1985 Aug 17 ^

50

38

12

1985 Jun 22 ^

55

34

11

^ Items not rotated. WORDING: In general, do you think news organizations get the facts straight, or do you think that their stories and reports are often inaccurate?

In general, how would you rate the job the news organizations in this country have done in covering the situation in the Mideast concerning the war with Iraq? Would you say it has been excellent, good, only fair or poor?


Excellent


Good


Only fair


Poor

No opinion

2003 Mar 29-30

38%

41

13

7

1

2003 Mar 22-23

52%

32

10

5

1

Persian Gulf War

1991 Jan 30-Feb 2

42%

37

13

7

1

1991 Jan 17-20

63%

26

8

2

1

Which comes closer to your opinion -- [ROTATED: that the news media generally favor one political party over the other, (or) that the news media generally favor neither political party]?

And which political party do you think the news media generally favor -- [ROTATED: Republicans (or) Democrats]?

[COMBINED RESPONSES]

2003 Feb

2000 Dec

1995 Apr ^

%

%

%

Total favor one over the other

48

51

47

(Republicans)

(20)

(15)

(17)

(Democrats)

(23)

(29)

(25)

(Both)

(3)

(4)

(2)

(No opinion)

(2)

(3)

(3)

Favor neither

46

41

48

FAVOR BOTH (vol.)

4

3

3

No opinion

2

5

2

(vol.) = Volunteered response

^ Items not rotated. WORDING: Do you think the news media generally favor one political party over the other, or do the news media favor neither political party? Which political party do you think the news media generally favor -- the Republicans or the Democrats?

Get Articles in Related Topics:


Gallup http://www.gallup.com/poll/1663/media-use-evaluation.aspx
Gallup World Headquarters, 901 F Street, Washington, D.C., 20001, U.S.A
+1 202.715.3030