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Meta and Gallup are committed to studying how social connections vary across geographic regions and demographic groups.

Featured Report

The Global State of Social Connections

Social needs are universal, and the degree to which they are fulfilled — or not — impacts the health, well-being and resilience of people everywhere. With increasing global interest in understanding how social connections support or hinder health, policymakers worldwide may benefit from reliable data on the current state of social connectedness. Despite the critical role of social connectedness for communities and the people who live in them, little is known about the frequency or form of social connection in many — if not most — parts of the world.

Meta and Gallup have collaborated on two research studies to help fill this gap. In 2022, the Meta-Gallup State of Social Connections report revealed important variations in people’s sense of connectedness and loneliness across the seven countries studied. This report builds on that research by presenting data on connections and loneliness among people from 142 countries.

The Global State of Social Connections report cover

Download the report to learn more and engage with the data yourself in the interactive map below.

Listen to Gallup podcast episode, The Power of Social Connection: A Conversation on the State of Connectedness and Loneliness in the World, on these popular platforms or wherever you listen to podcasts.

Gallup Podcast on iPhone and iPad Gallup Podcast on Android Clifton Strengths Podcast on Spotify
The Data

Key Findings

The research suggests most people in the world feel socially connected, but the experience of social connection differs across countries' demographic groups by level and frequency:

Use the map below to explore each country’s values.

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Fielding for this global survey study took place as part of Gallup’s annual World Poll survey administration. Surveys were administered from June 2022 through February 2023, with approximately 1,000 participants over the age of 15 interviewed in 142 countries. In Iceland, Jamaica and Puerto Rico, 500 individuals were interviewed. In Algeria, the number of respondents was 821, and in India and Russia, the number of respondents was 2,006 and 3,000, respectively. In all other countries and areas, the number of respondents ranged from 1,000 to 1,046. Data collection happened over the phone in countries where phone penetration is high (approximately >80% of the population) and face-to-face otherwise.

In accordance with World Poll methodological standards, samples in each country are representative of the national population over the age of 15. In each country, trained interviewers administered the survey in the local language either face-to-face or over the phone. For sampling on the phone, Gallup utilizes random digital dialing or a nationally representative list of phone numbers, using a dual sampling frame that includes both landline and mobile telephone numbers. For face-to-face sampling, Gallup employs stratification and cluster sampling methods. First, sampling units are stratified by population size and/or geography, and then clusters within each stratified sample are surveyed. The sampled unit clusters are households, and within each household, a computer-assisted personal interview (CAPI) program randomly selects a member to be interviewed.

All percentages presented in this report are weighted based on information about the sample design in each country. Weighting ensures that the sample in each country is representative of the population over the age of 15. For more information about weighing, see the methodology document from our in-depth study. The same weighting procedures apply to the current study. Global percentages presented in this report are weighted based on census information from the global population in 2022 to ensure percentages represent the global population.

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