Results are based on a Gallup Panel™ web survey conducted Sept. 11-19, 2023, with a sample of 2,006 12- to 26-year-olds nationally. The Gallup Panel is a probability-based panel of U.S. adults who are randomly selected using address-based sampling methodology. Gallup also recruits using random-digit-dial phone interviews that cover landline and cellphones.
Overall, 1,228 12- to 18-year-old children nationally were reached through adult members of the Gallup Panel who indicated they had at least one child 18 or younger living in their household; the additional 778 18- to 26-year-old respondents are members of the Gallup Panel.
For the total sample of 2,006 Gen Z respondents nationally, the margin of sampling error is ±3.3 percentage points at the 95% confidence level. For the sample of 1,228 12- to 18-year-old Gen Z youth recruited through a parent or guardian, the margin of sampling error is ±4.2 percentage points at the 95% confidence level. For the sample of 18-to-26 Gen Z youth nationally who are Gallup Panel members, the margin of sampling error is ±5.5 percentage points at the 95% confidence level. Margins of error for subgroups are higher.
All reported margins of sampling error include computed design effects for weighting. In addition to sampling error, question wording and practical difficulties in conducting surveys can introduce error or bias into the findings of public opinion polls.