Results are based on a Gallup Panel™ web survey conducted April 24-May 8, 2023, with a sample of 3,114 12- to 26-year-olds living in all 50 states and the District of Columbia. The Gallup Panel is a probability-based panel of U.S. adults who are randomly selected using address-based sampling methodology. Gallup also recruits using random-digit-dial phone interviews that cover landline and cellphones.
Within the overall sample, 2,294 12- to 18-year-old children were reached through adult members of the Gallup Panel who indicated they had at least one child 18 or younger living in their household; the additional 820 18- to 26-year-old respondents are members of the Gallup Panel.
For the total sample of 3,114 Gen Z respondents, the margin of sampling error is ±2.6 percentage points at the 95% confidence level. For the sample of 2,223 Gen Z K-12 students, the margin of sampling error is ±2.6 percentage points at the 95% confidence level. For the sample of 891 Gen Z youth who are no longer enrolled in K-12, the margin of sampling error is ±4.5 percentage points at the 95% confidence level. Margins of error for subgroups are higher.
All reported margins of sampling error include computed design effects for weighting. In addition to sampling error, question wording and practical difficulties in conducting surveys can introduce error or bias into the findings of public opinion polls.