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Are Remote Workers and Their Organizations Drifting Apart?

Are Remote Workers and Their Organizations Drifting Apart?

Story Highlights

  • 34% of U.S. employees are engaged at work, up from 32% in 2022
  • Remote employees’ connection to their organization’s purpose is declining
  • Managers must use meaningful interactions to build engagement

U.S. employee engagement presents a mixed picture in the emerging hybrid and remote workplace. Engagement overall is ticking back up, but with a red flag: Remote workers’ connection to the mission and purpose of their organizations has deteriorated to a record low.

The percentage of engaged employees in the U.S. in mid-year 2023 is now 34%, up two percentage points from 2022. The increase comes after a decade of growth, peaking at 40% in late June to early July of 2020 with an annual peak of 36% that same year, followed by two years of decline, dropping to 32% in 2022.


The percentage of actively disengaged employees has declined from 18% in 2022 to 16% at mid-year in 2023.

The ratio of engaged to actively disengaged workers in the U.S. is 2.1-to-1, up from 1.8-to-1 in 2022. The record high is a ratio of 2.7-to-1 recorded in 2019.


Which engagement elements have organizations improved on the most?


While the overall trend in engagement is on a slow incline in 2023, the elements that have improved the most are those that are most basic and foundational:

  • knowing what’s expected of me at work (6-percentage-point increase from 2022)
  • having the materials and equipment to do my work right (4-point increase from 2022)
  • having the opportunity to do what I do best every day (4-point increase from 2022)

All of the above high-growth areas still lag behind pre-pandemic levels.

Improvements in engagement have been among on-site employees.

While less engaged overall (30%), on-site employees have improved the most since 2022. Yet employees who are hybrid (38%) and exclusively remote (38%) have not improved overall. Across all work locations, clarity of expectations is on the rise in 2023.

The Mission and Purpose Decline

The most worrying finding in the latest survey -- especially in a workplace that is increasingly hybrid and remote -- is that employees who can do their work remotely have an eroding connection to the mission or purpose of the organization. The drop is more pronounced recently for exclusively remote employees -- 28% strongly agree they feel connected to their organization’s mission and purpose, tying the record low for this group from 2011.


Measuring Employee Engagement Quarterly

To gather these findings, Gallup measures employee engagement by asking random samples of the working population about specific workplace elements that link to many organizational outcomes, including profitability, productivity, customer service, retention, safety and overall wellbeing. Gallup conducts quarterly surveys of the working population -- random samples of approximately 15,000 U.S. full- and part-time employees.

The most worrying finding in the latest survey -- especially in a workplace that is increasingly hybrid and remote -- is that employees who can do their work remotely have an eroding connection to the mission or purpose of the organization.

The survey measures several workplace elements, including employees' level of agreement about clarity of expectations, opportunities for development, their opinions counting, and connection to the mission or purpose of the organization. In short, engaged employees are involved in and enthusiastic about their work and workplace. Actively disengaged employees are disgruntled and disloyal because most of their workplace needs are unmet.

More Equipped to Do Their Work, but Less Loyal

It is encouraging that, as U.S. workers are settling into new ways of working, they report improvements on the basic elements of employee engagement -- clearer expectations, access to materials and equipment, and opportunities to do what they do best. These improvements have contributed to a slight rebound in engagement in 2023. Still, employee engagement lags behind pre-pandemic levels.

But even as employees are more equipped to do their work, the relationship between employee and employer is less bound together by a common mission and purpose. This means many employees’ relationships with their employers are becoming increasingly “gig-like” and less loyal -- which has possible implications on customer and employee retention, productivity, and quality of work.

What Organizational Leaders Can Do

The pattern of eroding mission and purpose for remote-ready jobs, particularly, speaks to an unintended consequence of physical separation. If not managed intentionally, this can lead to psychological separation.

It is possible that some employees and job roles are not a good fit for exclusively remote work that requires ongoing collaboration and response to spontaneous demands of customers and colleagues. That, of course, should be carefully vetted based on each organization’s ultimate purpose and job demands -- and how well each person can attain exceptional individual performance, team collaboration and customer value. Without the latter two, employees won’t see how their work connects to the organization’s mission or purpose, and they will gradually fade into isolation.

Gallup finds that only 12% of remote-ready employees decide where they work based on a discussion with their team; yet deciding where they work is most highly related to employee engagement. Most employees either decide on their own or are told by management or senior leadership. “What’s good for me” may not always align with “what’s good for the team or customer.”

This does not mean that remote work cannot work -- but it requires exceptional managers. The manager must now hold one meaningful conversation per week with each employee -- 15 to 30 minutes at a minimum.

What constitutes a meaningful conversation? Gallup found meaningful feedback sessions involve recognition, discussion about collaboration, goals and priorities, and the employee’s strengths. This is the activity that prevents employees from feeling disconnected from the organization because managers stay in touch with what each employee is contributing and can then articulate how that work is impacting the larger organization.

We find this single habit of one meaningful conversation per week develops high-performance relationships more than any other single leadership activity. Gallup analytics have found managers can be quickly upskilled to have these ongoing strengths-based conversations that bring purpose to work -- which is now deteriorating in U.S. organizations.

Connect your employees to the mission and purpose of your organization.


Jim Harter, Ph.D., is Chief Scientist, Workplace for Gallup and bestselling author of Culture Shock, Wellbeing at Work, It's the Manager, 12: The Elements of Great Managing and Wellbeing: The Five Essential Elements. His research is also featured in the groundbreaking New York Times bestseller, First, Break All the Rules. Dr. Harter has led more than 1,000 studies of workplace effectiveness, including the largest ongoing meta-analysis of human potential and business-unit performance. His work has also appeared in many publications, including Harvard Business Review, The New York Times and The Wall Street Journal, and in many prominent academic journals.

Sangeeta Agrawal contributed analysis to this article.

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